My subject of pick is the background behind the 19TH Amendment of the United States. Voting is of import in the United States because its shows that we’re a portion of a motion that allows us to vote for whose best for running our state. Well what if you were denied this right non because of your race. but your gender? Womans were denied the right to vote for old ages because work forces felt that they weren’t an of import portion of determination devising in America. They believed we were already busy with raising kids. taking attention of the place. and “serving” our hubbies. that we shouldn’t have to cover with the force per unit area of vote. Choosing a subject on the 19th amendment being created was natural for me. Discoursing how 1000s of adult females marched. petitioned. and put on the line their life merely for my right to vote is mind-blowing to me. These adult females made history because they were so devoted to their cause and demanded that adult females be treated every bit equal as work forces. But if it wasn’t for people like them. Americans wouldn’t have any rights that we have today. By researching and larning on women’s right to vote. I believe that it will better inform me and you on the importance of adult females voting.
By reading my paper. I hope to edify you all on the history of the 19th amendment and why it is so important to adult females and American history. During women’s right to vote. there were so many forfeits made for adult females like you and me to hold equality and treated equal in the universe we live in today. Besides. I would wish you to believe if you were placed in their places. how it would experience being treated like rubbish and abused when you’re seeking to stand up for rights as an American citizen. If anything. that would be the most of import thing to take back from reading this paper. Beginning of the Movement
“Beginning in the mid-19th century. several coevalss of adult female right to vote protagonists lectured. wrote. marched. lobbied. and practiced civil noncompliance to accomplish what many Americans considered a extremist alteration in the Constitution” Harmonizing to Archives. org The two taking adult female in this motion were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. They proposed an amendment for the right for adult female to vote and run in office. Forty old ages subsequently. it was ratified and became the 19th Amendment of the United States. Unfortunately. they were non alive to see their life’s work achieved. But with the adult females who succeeded them. Alice Paul and Lucy Burns. they carried the motion and made a better hereafter for adult females today.
In history. there was one adult female who was recorded to be the first adult female to vote in the United States. Her name was Lydia Taft. Her hubby. Mr. Josiah Taft. was a affluent husbandman. local functionary. and Massachusetts legislator. He served several footings as a member of the Board of Selectmen. as town clerk. as town moderator. and in the Massachusetts General Court. Not to advert he was Lieutenant and Captain during the Gallic and Indian War but besides the largest revenue enhancement remunerator in Uxbridge. Massachusetts. Unfortunately he died before an of import ballot on the town’s war attempt in the Gallic and Indian War. Since the ballot was so of import. the position of Josiah Taft. and the fact that their boy was a minor. the town allowed Lydia to vote. She voted in an official New England Open Town Meeting. at Uxbridge. Massachusetts. on October 30. 1756 and became the first adult female to vote on anything in the state.
Women’s vote privileges were shortly taken off after 1807. They were taken off a electors roll because male right to vote was put into topographic point. Since adult females weren’t allowed to vote any longer. many adult females such as French republics Wright and Ernestine Rose. both immigrants. supported and petitioned for women’s right to vote. They hosted many conventions turn toing ballots for adult females. The Seneca Falls convention was the most celebrated convention and became the start of the women’s right to vote motion. It was held in Seneca Falls. Newyork and Lucretia Mott. Mary Ann M’Clintock and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were the hosts. Harmonizing to approximately. com. “In the meantime between the 1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention and the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention. Elizabeth Cady Stanton composed the Declaration of Sentiments a papers declaring the rights of adult females modeled on the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Sentiments contained several declarations including that a adult male should non keep back a woman’s rights. take her belongings or garbage to let her to vote. ” There were about 300 suffragists that attended including Fredrick Douglass. who revised the paper. When people discovered this convention took topographic point. it became really controversial. Elizabeth Cady Stanton even threatened to travel out of town.
The Seneca Falls convention was the first of many for the women’s right to vote motion. For old ages. Lucy Stone. Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis. Abby Kelley Foster hosted the National Women’s Rights Convention. It was yearly held in Akron. Ohio and brought together adult females all over who supported women’s right to vote and women’s rights. The adult females gave addresss. discussed their positions. and planned ways to foster their cause. One address that Lucy Stone gave persuaded Susan B. Anthony to fall in the motion. Sojourner Truth presented her address “Ain’t I A Women” that left her crowd speechless and amazed. She was a former slave who was an advocator for Negro right to vote. In her address. she proclaimed that equal rights were either given to merely intelligent white work forces and adult females. This convention finally brought Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony together and with the two of them as a squad. made them the strongest and most of import people in the women’s right to vote motion. Early Old ages
The National Women’s Rights Convention was held annually until the Civil War began. Harmonizing to Wikipedia. org. ” In Indiana. divorces could be granted on the footing non merely of criminal conversation. but on abandonment. inebriation. and inhuman treatment. In New York. Indiana. Maine. Missouri. and Ohio. women’s belongings rights had expanded to let married adult females to maintain their ain rewards. ” It seem like the motion was really doing some advancement. but because of the civil war. it was fundamentally put to a halt. Afro-american right to vote became a chief focal point of Americans alternatively of the women’s right to vote motion. So. the New England Woman Suffrage Association ( NEWSA ) was created in 1868 to merely acquire right to vote for adult females. It was a republican based unisex group. with work forces in the caput places. The group was subsequently driven to advance rights for black work forces. The cause of the association had wholly changed at this point. At its first convention. Fredrick Douglass said that women’s right to vote wasn’t every bit of import as black right to vote. Civil War
After the war was ended. the 14th and 15th amendment was passed in 1868 and subsequently in 1870. It gave the protection of the fundamental law to all citizens ( citizens being male ) and gave African-Americans the right to eventually vote. Since inkinesss were now able to vote. adult females thought it was at that place clip to acquire the right to vote every bit good. On History. com. it states. “They refused to back up the 15th Amendment and even allied with racialist Southerners who argued that white women’s ballots could be used to neutralize those cast by African-Americans. ” Because of the difference positions over African American right to vote. the motion split. Mrs. Stanton. Miss. Anthony and other adult females suffragists believed in this and subsequently created the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869. This clip the group had largely female members. For the others that disagreed with Stanton and Anthony who believed in the motion being put aside until African-Americans had the right to vote. they became a portion of the American Women’s Suffrage Association. The difference between the two is one fought for a right to vote amendment in the fundamental law and wanted to take it directly to congress. while the other wanted to win the right to vote amendment provinces fundamental law.
With all the complications and alterations that happened during the motions. a discovery eventually happened. Wyoming became the first province to go through a measure on women’s right to vote. This now gave adult females the right to functioning on juries in the tribunal. With this advancement the two separate motions merged back together to organize the National American Women’s Suffrage Association ( NAWSA ) in 1890. Elizabeth C. Stanton was president until 1894. when a new leader. Carrie Chapman Catt. stepped in after she retired. Harmonizing to History. com. it states. “By so. the suffragists’ attack had changed.
Alternatively of reasoning that adult females deserved the same rights and duties as work forces because adult females and work forces were “created equal. ” the new coevals of militants argued that adult females deserved the ballot because they were different from work forces. They could do their domesticity into a political virtuousness. utilizing the franchise to make a purer. more moral “maternal commonwealth. ” There were many assorted positions and sentiments on their new scheme. but it ended up working for the better. They continued with the thoughts of the old motion. American Women’s Suffrage Association. to travel state-by-state. With their new scheme. by 1893. Colorado was the first province to give adult females the right to vote. Colorado influenced many provinces to get down go throughing amendments giving them the right to vote and by 1918 including Utah. Idaho. Washington. California. and 11 other provinces.
Creation of Motions
Many other motions were created after the two chief right to vote motions combined together. The National Association of Colored Women ( NACW ) and the National Women’s Trade Union League ( WTUL ) were formed to better adult females. In 1896. the NACW placed 100s of groups/clubs of Afro-american adult females that fought for black adult females suffrage together on a national degree. One of the chief leaders was Mary Eliza Church Terrell. She was a suffragist and besides the president of the National Association of Colored Women. Old ages subsequently in 1903. the WTUL was created in attempts of bettering working conditions for adult females. Their end was to better rewards and working conditions such as in sweatshops. Formation of the Congressional Union
A decennary subsequently. Alice Paul and Lucy Burns formed the Congressional Union. They worked towards the large end of giving adult females the right to vote a jurisprudence in the United States Constitution. The congressional brotherhood was known in history for their scheme of protesting and picketing outside the White House. holding frequent apprehensions. and traveling against the president. NAWSA was chiefly made of older adult females. The younger or “fresher” adult females were tired of how slow they were accomplishing things. Spartacus Educational provinces. “While analyzing at the School of Economics and Political Science ( LSE ) in London. Alice Paul. joined the activist Women’s Social and Political Union ( WSPU ) . Like other members of the WSPU. Paul’s activities resulted in her being arrested and imprisoned three times. Like other suffragettes she went on hungriness work stoppage and was forced-fed. ” Alice Paul so came to the United States in 1913 to convey back the thoughts of the WSPU. She was accompanied by celebrated adult females such as Helen Keller. Mary Ritter Beard. and Lucy Burns to make the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage or ( CUWS ) . This right to vote group was different because they practiced the tactics of Miss. Paul and were more custodies on/aggressive.
Alice became celebrated for her work in England in the Women’s Social and Political Union. There she was force Federal on multiple occasions for declining to eat when placed in gaol. When she returned to the U. S. . that event had made her celebrated. ( Butler 47 ) says that Paul argued that adult females were better off in an industrial economic system than they were when their duties were centered entirely on the home… . Paul believed that the attainment of adult female right to vote would go on the development of women’s position. and that she could efficaciously act upon that procedure. Womans and work forces respected her thoughts and Acts of the Apostless of courage that she was asked by Jane Addams to fall in the NAWSA. As a member of the association. she used her leading accomplishments to carry on a women’s right to vote parade on Pennsylvania Avenue on March 3. 1913 which happened to be the same twenty-four hours President Woodrow Wilson was sworn into office.
It gathered many women’s right to vote groups and associations together in Washington. DC. which drew a immense crowd. This emanation didn’t go peacefully because of the negative positions of some of the witnesss. They harassed and assaulted the marchers. while the constabulary did small to assist. With everyone’s focal point on the adult females and non the president. it proved that the right to vote is more of import and they should be given the 19th amendment. With the success of the parade. Alice’s following aim was to coerce the president along with Congress into giving adult females the right to vote.
This is the concluding for making the Congressional Union for Women’s right to vote. She began this motion after four old ages in NAWSA. ( Butler 48 ) provinces that to accomplish her ends. Paul called for faulting the party in power as a means to coerce the president and the Democratic Party to back up the Nineteenth Amendment and push it through Congress. To efficaciously put incrimination on the Democratic Party for the failure to back up adult female right to vote. Paul launched a run to form suffragists at the province degree. particularly suffrage provinces in the West. This program would beef up the motion and demo how serious they are. The CU was technically still associated with NAWSA and accepting these new programs were against how peaceable they wanted to be. But when the CU failed to demo records of fiscal studies. Alice stepped down as leader and Alva Belmont became president. The National Women’s Party
By 1917. Alice Paul and Lucy Burns turned the Congressional Union into the National Women’s Party ( NWP ) . This clip the group was wholly made of adult females and the one end was for the transition of the 19th Amendment. They once more tried faulting the president and the Democratic Party for the ground that the 19th amendment had non been passed. but reached no help. Fortunately a new thought emerged called Silent Sentinels. These adult females protested and picketed non-violently outside the Gatess of the White House in purple. gold. and white streamers. The streamers would inquire what the president’s program was on the 19th amendment or it would province facts about the women’s right to vote motion. No affair the conditions. the adult females were really passionate about their cause and they didn’t allow rain or snow halt them. ( Butler 51 ) says From January to June. the District constabulary allowed the adult females to garner outside of the White House. As wartime concerns pervaded public sentiment. nevertheless. public restlessness with the NWP mounted.
Overtime. negative sentiments were formed and at that place now were possible menaces of the adult females acquiring arrested. With the authorities tired of the negative position on the president. they created a ground for the adult females to acquire arrested stating that they were “obstructing traffic” . Hundreds of suffragists were collaring in June of 1917 and sent to the Distract Jail. a workhouse. or the Occoquan Prison in Virginia. There condemning varied from three yearss to seven months. All of the adult females were sent to tribunal and offered to pay ten dollars or travel to gaol. but decided to deny the offer because if they accepted it. so they would be acknowledging they did something wrong. Alice Paul did non believe in this intervention because they were exerting their freedom of address. She so decided to intentionally travel to the White House and protest along with other adult females on October 29. 1917. When arrested they were sentenced seven months in a workhouse. The installation did non hold equal life conditions that the other prisons or workhouses had.
Alice Paul and a choice few of other adult females decided to hunger their egos in protest of holding comestible nutrient. air. exercising. newspapers. etc. She was so placed in a cell off from everyone else because of her influence on the remainder of the cell couples. When Alice still refused to eat. she was placed in a mental ward and one time once more was force fed on several histories. Her actions became publicised and began to frighten the populace on the intervention of her and the other inmates. President Wilson shortly changed his head about women’s right to vote and finally had The United States Court of Appeals declare that the apprehensions of all 218 suffragists to unconstitutional and they were released from gaol. They might hold been freed now. but adult females still didn’t have the right to vote. With the aid of Carrie Chapman Catt ( president of NAWSA at the clip ) . she created a scheme called “The Winning Plan” to acquire the ballot by conveying right to vote associations across the U. S. to act upon the non-suffrage provinces.
Wilson took all these thoughts into consideration and in 1918 proposed a right to vote amendment for the fundamental law. History. com says. ” I regard the extension of right to vote to adult females as vitally indispensable to the successful prosecution of the great war of humanity in which we are engaged. ” Although we believed in the 19th amendment being passed. he wasn’t the lone one vote. The amendment went to the Senate merely to lose by two ballots. Congress reviewed the amendment once more the undermentioned twelvemonth on May 21. 1919 and was passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. The measure was now on its manner to the provinces so it could be ratified. Ratification of the 19th Amendment
By June 16. 1919. several provinces including Kansas. New York. and Ohio had ratified the 19th Amendment. In March of 1920. there were a sum of 35 provinces that had ratified the amendment. Tennessee now became the lone province forestalling the amendment being passed since there’s two-thirds demand of ballots for the amendment. Southern provinces didn’t believe in women’s right to vote and have already voted no on the confirmation. When it was clip for Tennessee to vote. it became a tie. 48-48. between the legislators. Harmonizing to history. com. “The state’s determination came down to 23-year-old Representative Harry T. Burn ( 1895-1977 ) . a Republican from McMinn County. to project the determinant ballot.
Although Burn opposed the amendment. his female parent convinced him to O.K. it. ( Mrs. Burn reportedly wrote to her boy: “Don’t forget to be a good male child and assist Mrs. Catt put the ‘rat’ in confirmation. ” ) Mr. Burn listened to his female parent and voted and the 19th Amendment was eventually ratified on August 26. 1920. Over 90 old ages of difficult work by many coevalss of adult females eventually paid off. Womans had the right to vote! On Election Day. November 2. 1920. over eight million adult females across the United States exercised their right to vote. For the other 12 provinces that didn’t sign the 19th Amendment. it took over 60 old ages for it to be passed. Mississippi took even longer by non go throughing the 19th Amendment until March 22. 1984. Relation to Government
Now I wouldn’t have learned about the importance of the 19th Amendment if it was for authorities category. We learned about several of the amendments and what they do in the United States Constitution. The 19th Amendment. along with other amendments. is one with a strong background on how it was created. With the doggedness and dedication of these adult females. they granted the right of adult females eventually voting. Across the universe. adult females aren’t treated every bit every bit as in the United States. In England. their women’s right to vote motion influenced American adult females to stand up for the equal rights they deserved. Since America and England were successful on created rights for adult females. we could stand as a secular illustration for people to follow. In any state around the universe. adult females could get down a revolution and give their people rights like we did in the United States. Sometimes it takes that one to be an illustration for others. There are many things that affect the manner the universe is set up today. The 19th Amendment could really good be why adult females are now more involved in contending for equal rights. Womans will invariably be under work forces for obvious grounds. but we’ve come a long manner from a hundred old ages ago. When you hear about adult females protesting for equal rewards or occupation chances. this could be caused by the passing of the 19th Amendment. Relation To My History
Without the 19th Amendment being ratified. many adult females. including myself. would non be able to hold a voice in their authorities by voting. This affects my life dramatically because by myself being a black adult female. I would hold had many reverses seeking to vote. Just imagine if the amendment wouldn’t have passed. I believe by the 19th Amendment being in the fundamental law. it paved the manner for the other rights we were granted. Without this. our rights might of been reverse a twosome decennaries or worst of all. they wouldn’t have exist. If we ponder on the thought of the 19th Amendment ne’er being created. that’s set uping the lives of non merely my ain. but one million millions of adult females across the universe. Without adult females voting. the faces of the president we know today could hold changed. With changed presidents. that affects the state we live in. We could hold been involved in several wars ; the state could hold been taken over. etc. Now if we didn’t suffer from dramatic alterations. I restate my old point of women’s right to vote being postponed. Decision
Overall. women’s right to vote changed the manner adult females were viewed in the United States. It gave a new found regard that was good deserved and earned with difficult work and dedication. There’s nil losing from history when it comes to the United States. The passing of the amendment has already influence so many things in our history. If I was larning even more about this subject. I would desire to cognize what made adult females make up one’s mind “Oh now’s the clip we should get down contending for our rights” . What precisely became the last straw for them to ship on a 90 twelvemonth journey of making an amendment? But with their epic attempt of contending for equal rights. they gave adult females like you. me and others a opportunity to to the full bask life as an American Woman.
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3. Iron Jawed Angels. Katja Von Garnier. Perf. Hilary Swank. Anjelica Huston. French republics O’Connor. HBO. 2004. DVD Websites
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