Westminster Electoral System Sample Essay

Westminster is the location of the Houses of Parliament. where the bulk of political determinations ( other than those for devolved provinces ) are made for the state. The current Westminster electoral system is First Past the Post ( FPTP ) which is used for general elections every 5 old ages ( due to the new fixed-term parliaments brought in by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition. ) The FPTP system is constituency based. each individual votes for a representative for their constituency and whichever party wins the most constituencies additions governmental power. First Past the Post plants on the footing of a plurality of ballots. that is. that the winning party demand merely derive the most ballots out of all parties to derive power. they do non necessitate an overall bulk ( 50 % +. ) The demand for a strong and stable authorities is through the demand for a authorities to easy be able to go through statute law and for them to be able to defy a full term in office. The FPTP system foremost creates a strong authorities as it greatly reduces the hazard of alliance authoritiess. Single party authoritiess are strong as they have a bulk of seats within the House of Commons which means it is easy for the party to go through statute law and do determinations.

As the winning party in an election merely needs a plurality of ballots to win constituencies and so derive a bulk in the House of Commons. it is easy for a individual party to derive significant political power. Alliance authoritiess are nevertheless. weak and uneffective as there are two parties conflicting desires to be weighed up. this means that the passing of statute law can take a long clip and intend that some parties may non acquire what they had wished to transport out in their pronunciamento. which will lose them popularity with the populace. In FPTP there have merely been two alliances in the last 70 old ages. which shows its ability to make bulk party authoritiess. this means that by and large the party with the best policies ( in the voter’s eyes ) will be able to go through these policies easy and rapidly which will besides increase their popularity. Other electoral systems. such as the Single Transferable Vote system have a high hazard of making alliance authoritiess which would be unable to go through policies and so in this sense. the FPTP system ensures non merely strong authorities but is besides better than other systems at making so.

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The First Past The Post system’s ability to make individual party authoritiess hence means that that authorities will be stable and cohesive. Within parties the bulk of people have shared political political orientations and thoughts and so the party elected to authorities will be able to do determinations rapidly and expeditiously as everyone will be taking towards shared ends or desires for policies. The regulating party will be loyal to their traditional or modern political orientations and will hold decided upon one set of policies in their pronunciamento before the election and so they will non necessitate a big sum of treatment and argument before policies are passed. All members of the party will be capable to the same party subjects so they will all be following the same regulations and working together which once more ensures that the authorities is stable. A stable authorities means that parties can go through their coveted policies rapidly which will be good to the populace as they will experience that the party is making their function right and expeditiously. If a regulating party were to non be stable so it may impact their future election chances as the populace are improbable to vote in a party that they have antecedently seen as unstable.

First Past The Post creates a bulk authorities through a plurality of ballots which means that other parties that have had about the same sum of ballots as the winning party do non acquire their positions across in parliament as easy even though about the same sum of the populace voted for them. For illustration. in the 1974 General Election. the Labour party gained authorities with 301 seats ( and 37. 2 % of the ballots ) . but the Conservatives ( 37. 9 % of the ballots ) gained merely 5 less seats than Labour and so did non hold a parliamentary bulk. This election consequence means that Labour could much more easy go through all of their policies than the Conservatives even though the Conservatives gained about the same figure of seats and a larger per centum of ballots. How is it possible that this electoral system creates a authorities that does non even have the highest per centum of ballots and leaves out all other parties with any fewer ballots?

This system hence can non make strong authoritiess as they do non hold an overall bulk in parliament and so will happen it hard to go through their policies as easy as in a system where the regulating party has a definite 50 % + of the seats in parliament. In October 1974 another election was called and Labour once more won a little bulk. political stableness was non regained until the landslide election of Margaret Thatcher in 1983. In decision. the Westminster electoral system has the ability to make strong and stable authoritiess. it’s creative activity of alliance authoritiess is rare and so weak authoritiess are improbable although non impossible. The demand for merely a plurality of ballots agencies that elections can be improbably near and this is likely to do a authorities less strong but still stronger than if a alliance was made.