Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving Essay

Driving while drunk persists to be a major job amongst teenage drivers. Although there are many safeguards taken in order to forestall this type of activity. whether by the school. media or parents’ . teens proceed to put themselves into these really high hazard state of affairss. These relentless behaviours drive us to look farther into why teens partake in this type of activity or better yet what and who is act uponing this age group. As asked by the principal I will try to explicate this behaviour utilizing several theories of Human Development. including the theory of operant conditioning. the societal acquisition theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Social Learning Theory

This theory established by Albert Bandura. insists that by detecting others. people get cognition in countries such as regulations. accomplishments. schemes. beliefs. and attitudes while supplying a sense of self-efficacy. Social larning theory renamed ‘social cognitive larning theory’ high spots the thought that much of human larning occurs in a societal environment. Harmonizing to Bandura ( 1971 ) . “…new forms of behaviour can be acquired through direct experience or by detecting the behaviour of others” ( p. 3 ) . To use this theory to the debatable issue of intoxicated drive is really simple because through recent history it is shown that our milieus and the crowd kept have a immense impact on behaviour. Although it is besides suggested by Kail and Cavanaugh ( 2010 ) that all behaviour is non imitated but that. “People are more likely to copy if the individual they see is popular. smart. or talented” ( p. 14 ) .

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So this would be a possible account as to why many pupils at the high school are take parting in such behaviour. If the pupils at the high school are meeting such things as rummy driving particularly in the nowadayss of those who are looked up to the possibility of imitation is much higher. And the thought of self-efficacy through experience is a factor of the societal cognitive larning theory that contributes to ideas as to explicate this behaviour. Self-efficacy is defined as “people’s beliefs about their ain abilities and endowments. ” harmonizing to Kail and Cavanaugh ( p. 14 ) . The bottom line is that many of the activities people around you are taking portion in you are merely every bit likely to take portion in every bit good. if the behaviour of those who stand out in the population is the most ascertained so what can we make to screen of mediate certain behaviour? Well. it’s difficult to state because one time behaviours have become accustomed they are difficult to allow travel of. Operant Conditioning

Harmonizing to Kail and Cavanaugh the theory established by Skinner known as operant conditioning is a “learning paradigm in which the effects of a behavior determine whether a behaviour is repeated in the future” ( p. 13 ) . This theory to an extent. parallels the old theory of operant conditioning but is besides of import in seeking to understand why one makes the determinations they do every bit good as how frequently they partake in certain behaviours. Through his theory Skinner displayed that there are two types of effects. support and penalty. in which 1 increases the opportunities of repeated behaviour and the other frailty versa. Support is the constituent that increases the likelihood of repeated behaviour and includes two divisions. negative and positive.

Negative support is that in which a person’s behaviour is rewarded by the riddance of things that do non delight them whereas with positive support wagess such as money or merely praise from others is received. The effect of penalty. on the other manus. decreases the opportunities of person reiterating a certain behaviour because it’ll be unfavourable in the eyes of others. So to use this operant conditioning theory to the issue of adolescent rummy drive is non complicated at all. This type of behaviour will stay popular because congratulations from equals is a really common support. particularly if person makes it to their finish safely without any injury done to themselves or those who are riders ; one time person has completed this really stupid undertaking one time. it is really likely that the behaviour will one time once more be something to partake in in the hereafter. Psychosocial Theory

Erikson has a alone attack to his theory which consists of eight phases that illustrate the challenges that are faced over the sequence of the life rhythm. In his psychosocial theory. “Erikson proposed that personality development is determined by the interaction of an internal maturational program and external societal demands” ( Kail and Cavanaugh. p. 12 ) . Although there are eight phases mentioned in Erikson’s theory. the psychosocial phase that I feel is most related to the job at manus is. individuality vs. individuality confusion which occurs during adolescence ( ages 12 through 20 ) . At this point in life persons are challenged with developing a sense of who they genuinely are every bit good as with whom they should tie in themselves with.

At this phase in life you are exposed to so many different people in scenes such as the high school. who partake in a scope of different activities and it is really easy for teens to go susceptible to partaking in activities that could perchance be unsafe. Truthfully there is no manner to wholly convey activities such as rummy drive to a arrest but seting forth an attempt to carry as many teens possible that this behaviour is non acceptable would assist this issue drastically. Decision

Out of all three theories. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Theory and Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory. the theory that I believe does the best occupation of assisting us understand why rummy drive occurs is Erikson’s theory. I say this because it’s the theory that relates to the age group straight related to the issue at manus. High school pupils are normally in the scope of 15 and 18 old ages of age. the ages when most bush leagues begin to have their licenses and licences every bit good as Begin to drive without any supervising. With this much duty teens sometimes venture off onto unsafe waies and need person in add-on to their parents to wise man and talk to them to do a alteration in behaviour.

As a principal along with your staff I encourage you all to acquire together and set on a presentation that shows the effect of rummy drive. If possible you could acquire the community involved along with neighborhood constabularies and firemans. Gather your pupil population and show visuals of what could go on if they indulge in a behaviour such as this. Visuals are a great persuasive step and can rapidly frighten teens directly. Harmonizing to Crandell ( 2009 ) . “Erikson concluded that the personality continues to develop over the full life span. ” ( Crandell. Zanden & A ; Crandell ) . So the quicker we can maneuver teens in the right way the better opportunity they’ll have at a better hereafter development.

Plants Cited
Kail. R. V. . Cavanaugh J. C. . ( 2013 ) . Human Development: A Life-Span View. Belmont. Calcium: Wadsworth.

Crandell. T. L. . Zanden. J. W. V. . & A ; Crandell. C. H. ( 2009 ) . Human Development. New York City. New york: McGraw-Hill.

Bandura. Albert. ( 1971 ) . Social Learning Theory. New York City. NY: General Learning Corporation