The Tourism Industry In Hong Kong Tourism Essay

Harmonizing to option pricing theory, investing undertaking frequently added value from it associated existent options. Hong Kong Disneyland subject Parkss as an investing undertaking has in heightening its upside potency every bit good as cut downing its downside hazard in different economic conditions. In the early phase, due to the changing of environment and seasonal fluctuations, it result the development of Hong Kong Disneyland ‘s hard currency flows into irregular form. However, after the undertaking has been switch, defer and expand, the value of the development of Hong Kong Disneyland is enhanced. With this, the Walt Disney had added attractive forces and other subject Parkss to the original subject park and turned Disney World into a holiday resort. In future, if the Hong Kong Disneyland undertaking furthers their strategic options, the value of Hong Kong Disneyland will decidedly increase and go attractive. The authorities projected that the subject park will pull a immense figure of foreign and local attendants and

Survey 2:

Since the constitution of Hong Kong Disneyland undertaking, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ( HKSAR ) authorities has been successfully established its ain legitimacy. However, Hong Kong people rise up their uncertainty and even challenged the authorities because of authorities go through democratic election manufacturer underneath. But, with the launched of Hong Kong Disneyland undertaking, it grows Hong Kong people shown their assurance towards their authorities. After the success of Hong Kong Disneyland, it makes the politic of Hong Kong become stable comparison to the clip of colonialism, and therefore, it attract more visitants who was stay nearby visit to Hong Kong. Hong Kong Disneyland has been made usage by HKSAR to re-nationalize and decolonise Hong Kong society and to reconstructing Hong Kong as a dramatic tourer magnet alternatively of a citizen-based participatory community at the same time. In add-on, Hong Kong Disneyland consolidates Hong Kong ‘s repute as a shopping Eden for tourers.

Survey 3:

Base on the survey, comparison with the other multinational corporations, Hong Kong Disneyland deliberately localizes the Hong Kong Disneyland subject park by maintaining it wholly. Hong Kong Disneyland did n’t modify any version but merely maintain an original version of American phantasy and imaginativeness to it audiences. Although visitants who are come from mainland Chinese are non familiar with the characters of Disneyland, but Hong Kong Disneyland subject park assumes that those visitants can to the full cognize the secret plan and fables of Disney lifes ; if they do non understand that, certain one twenty-four hours they will. Furthermore, there is no obvious localisation scheme purchase merely a cleavage of Mainland Chinese, English speech production visitants and Hong Kong. However, what the visitants ‘ experiences is difference, this is because this is a free, individualist American ambiance that intensely contrasts with the inhibitory province in which they reside.

Survey 4:

Base on the survey, visitants are satisfied towards Hong Kong Disneyland theme park service quality consists of visual aspect, atmosphere and installations, but visitants are disappointed with their staff public presentation in factors of “ reactivity and entree ” , “ confidence ” and “ empathy. Hong Kong Disneyland is top five popular attractive forces for Hong Kong visitants. Therefore, it should non overpass the Hong Kong touristry industry. In order to construct the good image and good repute for Hong Kong, Hong Kong Disneyland subject park should supply high quality service to run into the demand of the visitants. Therefore, it can heighten the fight of Hong Kong as a touristry finish. Hong Kong Disneyland Company should supply relevant preparation for their staff, it is because staffs play an of import function during the whole service bringing procedure, and hence to increase the client satisfaction degree in run intoing their desires.

Survey 5:

Base on the survey, the instance of Hong Kong ‘s touristry reflects and reinforces the significance through how its beginning and symbol of individuality has an importance for people and topographic points during the period of passage when constellations and significances are capable to reading and alteration. During the full procedure and result, authorities dramas an of import function to act upon over it. In add-on, all of this individuality, heritage and touristry will merely go evident in the enlargement in Hong Kong history. From the position of selling, the alone individuality of Hong Kong is a manner which can pull visitants to see and besides to vie in such competitory touristry industry. Furthermore, such homogenised topographic point can sell as a merchandise. If Hong Kong loses its alone individuality, it will go danger in Hong Kong touristry industry because it wills loss of tourer reaching.

Survey 6:

The significance of globalisation is the interaction between the planetary and the local. Base on the survey, even every bit elephantine as the Disneyland, it ‘s besides have to accommodate to the local penchants. Therefore, it can assist to bring forth maximal net income and remain competitory to vie with other such as Disneyland Paris. Disneyland Paris has shown the globalisation work. The Disneyland of Paris have make this successful with ( 1 ) cutting the monetary value, ( 2 ) turning shows and puting into Gallic manner, ( 3 ) alteration of nutrient bill of fares and eating wonts and ( 4 ) alteration of employee imposts and labour policies. Besides that, Disneyland Paris has generated a batch of net incomes. Walt Disneyland Company non merely had accommodated to Europe ‘s local penchants, but it besides applied to Hong Kong after Hong Kong Disneyland was opened in 2005.

Survey 7:

Base on the survey, this diary discussed the economic and societal job of Hong Kong since 1997. Hong Kong ‘s economic become even worse when the economic downswing, accomplishments and advancement in societal development for Hong Kong people. Therefore, the sum of unemployment is addition. The unemployment rate of Hong Kong is highest if compared to other states such as Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea and Thailand. Therefore, this is the clip for Hong Kong to larn from it neighbouring stated which can assist Hong Kong people sustain during the fiscal crisis.

Survey 8:

Base on the survey, it investigates the relationship of competition and cooperation between the subject park and circuit operators in the context of Hong Kong. Since last clip, the touristry industry has significantly raising in the universe with it fastest motion development, the broadest chances, and the largest graduated table. In add-on, Hong Kong Disneyland ‘s stakeholders utilizing different operate system to decide their different concern, non merely by single endeavors but besides touristry supply concatenation. Subject Parkss are ever the attractive forces point in touristry supply concatenation ; for illustration, Hong Kong Disneyland is a cardinal milepost in the development of Hong Kong ‘s economic. With the direct purchase manner and ticket exchange verifier manner strategic, subject park has been found out is the market leader and the circuit operator is the follower. Despite the fact, both besides bring net income to its ain.

Survey 9:

Hong Kong ‘s tourer is one of the most outstanding finishs among Asia state. In add-on, touristry of Hong Kong besides is the chief economic pillars of Hong Kong, abreast with fiscal, professional services and fiscal. There are competitory for visitants throughout the part, hence, Hong Kong Special Administrative part ( SAR ) authorities to advance the metropolis as a top-class finish for leisure by turning Hong Kong into “ Asia ‘s World City ” . Government has made a batch of attempts such as to supply extra substructure, better the installations, and increase the service quality and so on. With the success of all these attempts, even in the hereafter of Hong Kong touristry industry, it truly depends on the people who are employed in this industry. Therefore, higher instruction in cordial reception and touristry instruction play an of import function in fixing employees and executives for the touristry industry in Hong Kong and worldwide.

Survey 10:

Base on the survey, the universe today can be characterized by the world of concern globalisation and immense competition in all industrial sectors. The challenges are to vie favourably in the planetary market topographic point if it exist today and as it grow tomorrow. Therefore, companies and persons have to pull off and accommodate to the altering conditions and to get by with these conditions. The originative and regenerative value of metaphors is revealed in this survey, which appear to convey serious consequence for Disney ‘s subject park in Hong Kong and Paris. The educational metaphors for Disney such as cultural chernobly, political football, organ graft and supermarket, and stakeholders, with all of these metaphors, Disney can place these through a strategic surveillance procedure, and hence, of import for Disney to ship on Hong Kong and Japan Disneyland.

Survey 11:

Another major attraction subject park and besides one of the cardinal rivals of Hong Kong Disneyland is Ocean Park Hong Kong, which was officially opened on January 10, 1977. The figure of visitants of Ocean Park Hong Kong has been increasing since the debut of an “ single visit strategy ” for mainland Chinese tourers. Since 2004, after the “ Christmas esthesis event ” held, it drew more than 2 million visitants dramatically in the undermentioned old ages. But the job of queuing has become an of import issue for the park direction. Base on the survey, Western tourers are more willing to wait than Chinese tourers. Ocean Park should take stairss to better the waiting environment and supply better waiting experience for visitants. Therefore, park direction by cut downing existent waiting times to assist increase the satisfaction degrees of tourers.

Survey 12:

Tokyo Disneyland was opened in April 1983, is another Disneyland located in Japan Tokyo, which is a accredited version of the American subject park and was re-made in Japan. Tokyo Disneyland was the biggest workplace among Japan ‘s diversionary excursions since 1996, and besides the most successful subject park in the universe. Base on the survey, it focuses on the organisational civilization of Tokyo Disneyland. The success of it was due to the cultural tantrum between the Disney Way and the strong Nipponese organisational civilization developed in the context of regular workers and besides the appropriation of the Disney Way followed the motion of the Nipponese labour market in the 80 ‘s. Tokyo Disneyland ‘s hybridisation of organisational civilization provides broader procedures of globalisation and a particular interflow of planetary and local, America and Japan.

Survey 13:

Tourism is considered an “ engine of growing ” in developed states. In add-on, besides closely link to the development and planning. Base on the survey, since the twenty-four hours Disneyland Paris opened, it gave Gallic society positive returns for its public investing, although the company was registering losingss. The Gallic manner of societal ordinance helped to ground the major capital of Disneyland projected generated, hence, its economic benefits can straight translated into societal benefits. With the incorporation of Gallic manner societal ordinance, its aid to rescheduled the economic crisis and stabilised hereafter.

Survey 14:

From the past few decennaries, the planetary subject park industry has reasonably grown. There are few factors such as the volume and quality of advertisement runs and selling, invitee experiences and development of new merchandise, every bit good as external variables, in which the Parkss have to overpower like rivals ” schemes, economic status, authorities ordinances, conditions, gasolene monetary values and so on, all of these are the factors which will impact the uninterrupted growing of the subject park. Theme park industry has produced a wide circle of political, societal and economic influences few cardinal sectors. It will go on hold an impact on society and will set their amusement to altering cultural, societal, political idea. Furthermore, will go on to turn and impact a assortment of demographic and socio-economic subdivisions of the community in which they operate in finish development and sustainability.

Survey 15:

Since 1997, Hong Kong reversion to China, Hong Kong placed an of import accent on define its international visibleness as a Particular Administrative Region ( SAR ) , a gateway to the Mainland in footings of finance, investing, trade, conveyance, touristry and communications. Therefore, to claim it image as “ Asia ‘s universe metropolis ” . This led to the Brand Hong Kong ‘s mission with to supply a better focal point to the international publicity of Hong Kong. But, if this “ progressive development ” is still prevailing, so the Hong Kong cultural will come to the last coevals. However, few run have shown that the Hong Kong cultural did non come to its last coevals due to the Hong Kong occupants are non willing to give up their history to the materialistic feats of the disposal.

Survey 16:

From the yesteryear to this new millenary, the Asia Pacific travel and touristry industry has gone through some difficult clip in its modern embodiment. Base on the survey, there are few dominant forces which may act upon over the Asia Pacific travel and touristry industry in future. First dominant forces are the old, new and germinating inbound and outbound market. As growing and prosperity consolidate in Asia Pacific, the part will progressively host international mega-attractions and mega-events, such as Disneyland Hong Kong. Upon the unfastened of Hong Kong Disneyland, the park already makes an immediate difference to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ‘s economic system. Not merely created 1000s of occupation chances during the building stage but besides the gap of the Disneyland. Furthermore, Hong Kong Disneyland subject park is estimated will be a immense draws for households across Asia.

Survey 17:

As being the hub of many Asian Airlines, Hong Kong has become one of the most popular travel finishs in Asia. It drawn the whole universe attending to Hong Kong about it hereafter on the other after Hong Kong reversion to China since 1997. But before four months before the handover, the sum of tourer reachings to Hong Kong began to worsen. The economic convulsion in Asia has a enormous impact on the touristry industry including Hong Kong. New authorities faced the issue of economic job. During October 23, 1997, Hong Kong stock market crashed, after involvement rates had been raised to protect Hong Kong dollar from currency job. Because of the currency job, many visitants have been pulling off from Hong Kong to other state. Base on the survey, the new political which represent Hong Kong convey more challenges than chance. Peoples in touristry industry are hope that Hong Kong ‘s touristry industry will retrieve every bit shortly as the Asiatic economic system recovers, but really are non. Therefore, this is a long term growing or a battle for Hong Kong touristry industry.

Survey 18:

Forms of touristry that are extremely popular in the Asia Pacific part include urban touristry in major metropoliss including Hong Kong. In all of these finishs, spread outing meetings, inducements, conventions and exhibition markets can construct up the growing, which from concern travel markets and other leisure tourers for the wide scope of cultural attractive forces that metropolitan metropoliss can supply. Since Hong Kong handover to China, frights of repression and the terminal of democracy have led to the cut downing sum of tourers ‘ figure. The current status of recession is likely exacerbated and studies that Hong Kong have been replace Tokyo as the most expensive metropolis in the universe. The past twelvemonth has been one of the enormous alterations impacting touristry in Asia Pacific part. Therefore, alterations are inevitable in many facets of Asia Pacific part.

Survey 19:

Base on the survey, Disney have successful adapt the globalisation theory to Hong Kong Disneyland with the alterations of puting and decor, cut down the monetary value, version to local imposts and labour patterns. Since it opened in 2005, Hong Kong Disneyland deficiency of success within a twelvemonth. Walt Disney Company failed to understand local Chinese imposts, but besides their feeding wonts, repast times, and so on. But after Disney adjusts to local penchants it led Disney to bring forth high net incomes and remain competitory in the planetary market topographic point. The globalisation works when Disney minimising US civilization and maximise the Chinese cultural. Now, Disney non merely adapts the subjects, merchandises, thoughts, services, and even the whole full organisation including corporate doctrines and schemes, theoretical account for supervisor ( employee dealingss ) and so on. All of these are closely linked to the contexts and the sociocultural environment in which they are performed.

Survey 20:

Hong Kong and Singapore are most unfastened and dynamic economic systems among Asia Pacific Region. Besides that, both besides the taking tourer finishs, and strive to look after as the touristry hub in the part. International Institute for direction development ( 1998 ) stated that, Hong Kong and Singapore hold the 2nd and 3rd topographic point in the fight rankings worldwide. Due to the strategic location and the alone competitory constructions of both Hong Kong and Singapore, these two states ‘ economic systems have made strong economic advantages for the rapid growing of their touristry and cordial reception industry. Based on the survey, a competitory schemes employed by travel agents and hotels in Hong Kong and Singapore have play an of import function in cordial reception industry. Furthermore, they managed to remain in front in keeping a competitory border based on non-price and price-related ( cost ) strategies both internationally and domestically.

Survey 21:

Since early 1997, Hong Kong touristry industry sector visitants amount have dropped dramatically. The important Numberss of Hong Kong ‘s major touristry markets part was Nipponese market. Nipponese market was defined as a high-generating market in term of tourer reachings and touristry grosss, but due to the prejudiced pricing for Nipponese tourers during the handover period, it discouraged inward Nipponese travel and even worse that undermined the repute of Hong Kong as an international tourer finish. Base on the survey, Nipponese tourers are satisfied with the handiness of Hong Kong, in term of transit, imposts processs, in-migration, unfastened street markets and shopping arcades. All of this factors act uponing Nipponese tourers ‘ overall satisfaction degree, besides that, the likeliness of Nipponese urging Hong Kong this topographic point to other people.

Survey 22:

The sum of inward tourers to Hong Kong has continuously increased, and large part was occupied by Mainland Chinese tourers, it is besides because of the geographical propinquity and political ties in between Mainland China and Hong Kong. This phenomenon so called “ Chinese tourers ‘ moving ridge ” was influx by Mainland China ‘s tourers, and have been brought tremendous alteration to Hong Kong ‘s touristry industry, even local community and economic system. Base on the survey, local occupants recognize the existent of this moving ridge, it is because of the important economic benefits have been brought. On the other manus, local occupants perceive the dimension of environmental, social-cultural and other costs negatively. Furthermore, local touristry governments can utilize this utile information to explicate future schemes and policies towards the “ Chinese tourers ‘ moving ridge ” .

Survey 23:

Hong Kong is the top finish metropoliss for tourers among Asia state, the top three major tourers was Taiwan, Mainland China and Japan. With the launch of Individual Visit strategy ( IVS ) , Mainland China tourists enjoy the relaxed visa demand and recently go the first beginning market in Hong Kong touristry. Base on the survey, mistake rectification theoretical account ( ECM ) acknowledged that tourers are income-elastic, in which they consider travel to international touristry was a luxury merchandise. In add-on, the consequence of the nominal exchange rate on touristry is besides important for Japan, it because Nipponese are more sensitive with the exchange rate but Chinese and Chinese tourers are non. Hong Kong touristry was benefits from the implement of new visa demand. Furthermore, more Chinese occupants can afford to go abroad for sightseeing and shopping with the economic growing of China.

Survey 24:

Hong Kong people had a desire for mercenary attainment for their quality of life. With the rapid economic development, Hong Kong has become a modern fiscal hub of the Asian-Pacific part. Furthermore, to prolong the economic growing, Hong Kong authorities and private endeavor has encouraged farther digitalisation and globalisation of Hong Kong. In add-on, decolonisation and Westernization of Hong Kong has cause many Hong Kong people to migrate, make concern or survey in other state, but after Hong Kong handover to China, Hong Kong people have return and this contributed Hong Kong to a higher degree of planetary life, which is positive for peoples ‘ enjoyment, felicity and overall quality. However, despite the fact that due to the rapid and uninterrupted socioeconomic development since the 1960s, bulk of Hong Kong people did n’t experience content with their quality of life.

Survey 25:

A state which is renowned for its complexness and bureaucratism and modulating everything, which is Gallic. Their execution involves different degrees of authorization and action, many histrions and many types of policy instruments. In add-on, it is non surprise that the authorities will take charge of every facet include touristry undertakings. Therefore, the constructions set up and planning civilization of Disneyland Paris undertaking are decidedly take portion by the Gallic authorities. Furthermore, the Gallic authorities shows it involvement in Disneyland subject park undertaking because of the redistribution of benefits or gross among societal categories. Besides that, it besides helps Paris to make urban growing pole economically independent. Furthermore, the Disneyland Paris undertaking is based on public-private partnership which means the private company and authorities each presume duty and hazards that are specifically theirs. This is wholly different from other assorted economic system state which the private company and authorities take on duty and put on the line together. The convention decides the duty and responsibility of each spouse, non merely those of the Gallic authorities.

Survey 26:

Based on the survey, Hong Kong touristry market will rule by Japan, Taiwan and Mainland China which during the prediction period. But as the figures published from HKTB, it showed that the prognosiss have been overestimated in long-haul market. The ground is tourers from Taiwan, Japan and Mainland China from these markets are more likely to cut their traveling disbursals in Hong Kong. As a consequence, the negative impact of the fiscal crisis on long-haul market will decidedly do Hong Kong ‘s touristry industry undergo losingss. In contrast, short-haul markets are predicted to execute stably during the prediction period. This survey shows that there are strong relationships between demands for Hong Kong touristry and both the monetary value of touristry merchandises in Hong Kong and income degrees in beginning markets. Therefore, it is of import for Hong Kong ‘s policy shapers closely monitor economic conditions in this touristry beginning markets.

Survey 27:

Based on the survey, Mainland Chinese visitants created web log and micro web log to portion their traveling experiences in Hong Kong with the aim of how this could assist market a finish. As the consequence from 300 micro web log and web log indicate that by and large Mainland Chinese bloggers have positive image towards Hong Kong as a travel finish. The travellers write about their experiences of attractive force and nutrient in the finish with exposures provided. The exposures posted create a really favourable image of the installations and finish. Tourism organisations should see utilizing micro web log and web log service suppliers for marketing intent in two ways.

Survey 28:

Based on the survey, Chinese tourers perceived the overall finish image of Hong Kong positively, there were unfavourable perceptual experiences about the monetary value of repasts outside hotels, the quality of cosmetics and skin care merchandises, five star hotel suites and the experience at some attractive forces. With the emerging of popularity of travel web logs, all those information are utile to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region authorities, touristry practicians and HKTB in map out schemes and doing betterments to heighten and keep the finish ‘s fight.

Survey 29:

From the past few decennaries, trade name names have made a Trustmark like ne’er earlier. There is an chance for concerns to stand out and exemplify that they have a strong committedness to people. The most of import is the character and repute, will decidedly imposed trade name a personal connexion with clients and will mensurate the success in future. Based on the survey, Disney is the trade name which mentioned in this diary which Disney represented many of features 50 old ages ago. For illustration, Mickey Mouse nine was shows via films and telecasting and he was reliable, as there were many characters at Disneyland.

Survey 30:

Based on the survey, in the twentieth century matter, Walt Disney is arguably holding impact over the figure in life. Besides that, Walt Disney besides celebrated as the Godhead of the first subject park, Disneyland. In add-on, Walt Disney as the Godhead of the “ emotional environment ” of the first life merely studio, he besides expands his acquisition into a series of advanced undertakings such as Disneyland, the California institute of the humanistic disciplines and so on. Disneyland is named as the basically a elephantine film set, with each characteristic of the designed is to wake up everyone emotional. In add-on, Disneyland will decidedly guarantee visitants who entry to the park would be substantively separated them from outside world universe. That is because Walt Disney intended to bring on his invitees on the appropriate temper, so that one time these invitees came into the Disneyland, they were ready for “ felicity ” . Yet, Disneyland was simply the beginning.

Beginnings:

1

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2

Constructing a decolonized universe metropolis for ingestion: discourses on Hong

Kong Disneyland and their deductions

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3

Placing a planetary amusement park: Hong Kong Disneyland

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4

THEMEQUAL-Adapting the SERVQUAL Scale to Theme Park Services: A Case of Hong Kong Disneyland

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5

Heritage, Identity and Tourism in Hong Kong

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6

Disneyland Paris: a instance analysis showing how glocalization works

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7

Economic Crisis and Social Development in Hong Kong Since 1997

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Hong Kong Since 1997, Journal of Comparative Asian Development, 1:2, 263-283

8

Cooperation Pattern and Coordination Mechanism Between Hong Kong

Disneyland and Tour Operator

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9

The Past, Present, and Future of Hospitality and Tourism Higher Education in Hong Kong

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10

Using metaphors to ease cooperation and decide struggle: Analyzing the instance of Disneyland Paris

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11

Line uping Behavior in Theme Parks: A Comparison Between Chinese and

Western Tourists

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12

The hybridisation of organisational civilization in Tokyo Disneyland

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13

Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment The Gallic manner of societal ordinance and sustainable

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14

The planetary subject park industry

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15

Ocular Anthropology: Published in cooperation with the Commission on

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16

Seven Dominant Forces Affecting Asia Pacific Travel and Tourism Industry

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Tourism Industry, Journal of Travel & A ; Tourism Marketing, 20:2, 75-78

17

Tourism in Hong Kong: After the handover

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18

Tendencies in Asia-Pacific touristry in 1997-98: from optimismto uncertainness

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19

Disney ‘s successful version in Hong Kong: A glocalization position

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20

An analysis of the competitory schemes of hotels and travel agents in Hong Kong and Singapore

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21

Hong Kong as a Travel Finish: An Analysis of Nipponese Tourists ‘ Satisfaction Levels, and the Likelihood of Them Recommending Hong

Kong to Others

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22

Residents ‘ Percepts Toward the “ Chinese Tourists ‘ Wave ” in Hong Kong: An Exploratory Survey

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23

Tourism demand in Hong Kong: income, monetary values, and visa limitations

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24

The Quality of Life in Hong Kong

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25

The Role of the Gallic State: Switching from Supporting Large Tourism Projects like Disneyland Paris to a Diffusely Forceful Presence

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Forceful Presence, Current Issues in Tourism, 4:2-4, 121-150

26

Impact of new attractive forces on subject park attending

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27

Analysis of Blogs and Microblogs: A Case Study of Chinese Bloggers Sharing Their Hong Kong Travel Experiences

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28

The Perceived Destination Image of Hong Kong as Revealed in the Travel Blogs of Mainland Chinese Tourists

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29

Global Financial/Economic Crisis and Tourist Arrival Forecasts for Hong Kong

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30

Walt Disney and the creative activity of emotional environments: interpretation Walt Disney ‘s work from the Disney studios to Disneyland, CalArts, and

the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow ( EPCOT )

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