This is the most comprehensive aggregation of The Texas Rangers during the Mexican revolution that has been published. Charles Harris III and Louis Sadler portion the inside informations behind this unstable period by bring outing the positions and actions of the Rangers during the highest point of boundary line force up until that clip. The Rangers remain as one of the most accepted jurisprudence enforcement bureaus in the United States. In the 10 twelvemonth span of 1910-1920. Texas was involved in a batch of convulsion around the boundary line of The United States and Mexico.
These were the old ages of the Mexican revolution and the increasing racial tensenesss between Anglos and Hispanics frequently resulted in bloodshed. They played of import functions at assorted conflicts and established a awful repute. The Texas Rangers are frequently portrayed as the last base of defence between the good and the bad ; rugged work forces with adequate ice H2O in their venas to fuel their psyches. After reading this book. one’s position of the Texas Rangers. and the myths that surround them. may shortly alter. Texas rangers were besides cold-hearted angry jurisprudence work forces who seemed to hold a serious score against Hispanics and Mexicans who resided in Texas.
They appeared to possess a “what are you traveling to make about it” outlook. Harris and Sadler are faithful to history and effort to lodge to the facts by being enlightening as they review the upset and panic of the Mexican revolution. They suggest that work forces who joined the Rangers did non alter as a whole. but the public’s perceptual experience of them did. The Texas Rangers were foremost called into service as the governor’s personal escorts and would stay answerable to the caput of the province. The relationship between the two entities resulted in a history infused with political relations.
Every new disposal would take to a displacement in leading and Ranger forces. It was near impossible for a adult male to lift through the ranks of the organisation without holding an confederation with the current party in office. It was the governor who finally determined how The Rangers would work. The Force continued to be dominated by political relations until 1935. when The Department of Public Safety was created. taking the Rangers off from the governor. Ironically. Harris and Sadler suggest it was the Mexican Revolution that finally saved the Texas Rangers.
Between 1910 and 1920. the strain between the United States and Mexico was explosive and despite their association with the governor’s office. legislators were loath to pass big sums of money on the organisation. intending Ranger wage was hapless. They had to supply their ain arms. Equus caballuss. and saddle. The low wages dissuaded many quality work forces from enlisting and even fewer from doing it a calling. The Mexican Revolution helped usher in a new epoch for the Rangers. It reinvigorated their Numberss. By 1918 the Force reached a high of one 1000 work forces.
The Mexican Revolution enabled them to go on as an independent bureau. It besides resulted in the most controversial event in the history of the Texas State Ranger Force known as the “Bandit War” of 1915 which resulted in a series of deathly executings. The two writers bring their extended cognition of the revolution to the head. detailing the events that led up to the struggle. Their treatment of the Plan de San Diego. an attempted rebellion by Mexicans across the boundary line. was genuinely terrorizing. Rebels basically wanted to light a race war.
They encouraged Mexican subjects. Native Americans. Mexican-Americans. and African americans who were shacking along the boundary line to kill every white male 16 old ages and older. The drastic move was seen as a “Hispanic battle for societal justice” ( p. 212 ) . Texas would go the primary focal point of the Rebels. and the Rangers were recruited after the program was seized during the apprehension of Plan de San Diego organiser Basilo Ramos. Jr. . in McAllen. Texas. The revenge that followed resulted in a figure of bloody gunfights. both merely and unfair alike.
The Plan de San Diego provided an alibi to both Anglos and Hispanics to settle tonss and prehend chances. The writers unveil how the recoil resulted in a moving ridge of racism and the deceases of some three hundred Mexican subjects. Harris and Sadler bring visible radiation to small known historical events which seem to still impact relationships and feelings between both sides of the warring parties. For illustration. they suggest The Plan de San Diego was likely devised by protagonists of Mexican Rebel. Venustiano Carranza. in his fatherland and non the town of San Diego. Texas.
His motivation was to deviate the attending off from his challenger Pancho Villa. In their efforts to keep an accurate word picture of the organisation. the writers do non overcast inside informations to seek and continue any political or societal docket. They show how Mexicans felt justified in their battle and how the Texas Rangers frequently misrepresented their ain actions. One incident revolved around Captain William Warren Sterling of Hidalgo County. In his ain memoirs. he made claims that he ne’er shooting. or even pistol-whipped a adult male. He wrote. “Throughout my life-time. I have held a high respect and deep regard for Latin Americans.
Some of my best friends are members of that of import section of our citizenship” ( p. 270 ) . Yet. the authors published a claim that Sterling shooting and killed. among others. an guiltless Mexican male child accused of colza. They support the averment with an article reported in the Brownsville Daily Herald in 1914. In fact. the writers claim it was common pattern for the Rangers to misdirect the media. They even refused to notice publically about the violent death of Mexican brigands. coercing newspapers to trust on 2nd and 3rd manus beginnings.
The struggle between Anglos and Mexicans along the boundary line continues to be mirrored in current events such as the argument over in-migration reform. Many people fear Texans of Mexican descent still maintain an commitment to their native state and seek requital for past atrociousnesss. As the authors put it. “Militant Hispanics were outraged that the Americans stole Texas from the Mexicans-who stole it from the Spaniards. who stole it from the Indians. who stole it from each other. ” The tenseness between the races is deep rooted and to a great extent tied to claims over district.
The ferociousness of the war and the extended causalities along the Texas/Mexico boundary line led the Texas Legislature to take action against The Rangers. Many of their war-crimes were revealed after a thorough probe was made into the claims made by tonss of victims. The organisation was restructured and their Numberss were reduced. The Texas Rangers have spent a big portion of the station radical period to re-establish their self-respect and do over their image. Like all stereotypes. the image of The Texas Rangers holds some truth to it. This was a group of ordinary work forces confronting extraordinary fortunes.
On the surface their accomplishments might look minimum. but the fact that they were able to accomplish anything of significance without the proper counsel and resources is rather extraordinary. Harris and Sadler are non trying to be revisionists. alternatively. they present both the positive and negative elements of The Texas Ranger Force and promote readers to organize their ain sentiments based on the available grounds. Works Cited Harris. Charles Houston. . and Louis R. Sadler. The Texas Rangers and the Mexican Revolution: the Bloodiest Decade. 1910 – 1920. Albuquerque: Univ. of New Mexico. 2007. Print.