Sustainable Development Of Pilgrimage Tourism Tourism Essay

BAGRI. S ( 1995 ) sustainable development of pilgrim’s journey touristry in finish countries, it is of import to hold responsible visitants with high pro-environmental orientation and a critical lower limit cognition of pilgrim’s journey touristry. Most of the pilgrim’s journey, adventuresome, and leisure finish in India are in ecologically sensitive locations with environmental resources, therefore understanding tourers ‘ environmental orientation is critical for finish direction. In this context, the environmental orientation and eco touristry consciousness of tourer sing some of the cardinal environmental orientations of pilgrim’s journey touristry and leisure tourers is presented. The issues important differences among these classs in footings of environmental orientation compared to the leisure tourers. Therefore, the survey implies that the transmutation of general environmental orientation in to awareness of eco touristry and pilgrim’s journey touristry

Batra and Kaur ( 1996 ) in their paper highlighted that there were two types of relationships between touristry and environment i.e. coexistence and conflicting. Coexistence relationship presented harmoniousness between touristry and environment. However, conflicting relationship between touristry and environment caused immense jobs like ocular pollution, sewerage job, H2O and air pollution, and in conclusion ecological job. They viewed that societal costs in touristry industry were much more than any other type of industries but these costs were non included in fiscal study of the touristry industry.

Boyd and Butler ( 1996 ) in their survey revealed that ecotourism was dependent upon the quality of the environment and excess attention was required by directors to minimise negative touristry impacts on environment. The survey concluded that eco-tourism development occurred in more distant countries of the universe which required appropriate direction and eco-tourism chance spectrum ( ECOS ) was best fitted to it.

Brohman ( 1996 ) in his survey highlighted that the 3rd universe states enjoyed really fast growing rate of touristry at the cost of socio-economic and environmental debasement. The writer opined that the 3rd universe states must follow proper touristry planning after confer withing local people and touristry related investing and gross should be used for the benefit of local community. The survey suggested that option

touristry schemes must be designed with the aid of local people to cut down negative impacts and increase positive effects of touristry during unfavorable fortunes.

Buhalis ( 1998 ) in his survey viewed that because of of all time increasing usage of information engineering in touristry sector, future success of touristry organisations and finishs would be determined by a combination of advanced direction, selling and strategic usage of advanced information engineering.

Gupta ( 1999 ) in this survey praised Indian spiritual touristry which grew for many old ages without doing negative environmental, cultural and societal impacts. The writer viewed that pilgrim’s journey had less load on environment, benefited local communities, was seasonal and provided economic benefits to the local community. The writer recommended to develop such type of modern touristry which benefited local communities without harming natural environment.

Noronha ( 1999 ) in his survey highlighted that local people felt threatened and degraded by inappropriate behavior of the tourers. The survey besides revealed that the benefits from touristry were non utilized for the development of the local people in Goa. The writer recommended that schemes must be formulated by the province authorities to pull off touristry trade and stopper back net incomes received from touristry trade for the development of local people in Goa.

Kreiner and Kliot ( 2000 ) in their paper stated that there was considerable differences between pilgrims ‘ and tourers ‘ behavior towards any spiritual site inspite of the fact that both had three common elements like discretional income, leisure clip and societal countenances. The survey concluded that although assorted differences were at that place between tourers and pilgrims but it was really hard to show those differences.

Madan and Rawat ( 2000 ) in their survey viewed that the touristry industry in Mussoorie got its impregnation point and there was a demand to develop some nearby topographic points like Dhanolti and Park Estate for the development of touristry.

Mehta and Arora ( 2000 ) in this survey appraised touristry publicity activities adopted by touristry ministry in Punjab. Published stuff of the province touristry section was uncomplete, unattractive and deficient for foreign tourers. The survey recommended that the province authorities must follow standardised signifier of media for the publicity of touristry industry in Punjab.

Mishra ( 2000 ) in his survey stated that among pilgrim sites, Brajmandal was one of the extremely recommended topographic points to see. The survey besides highlighted the chief jobs sing hapless substructure, adjustment installations, quality of nutrient, shopping installations, public convenience, communicating and cheating and misleading etc. faced by pilgrims in Brajmandal. The writer suggested both operational steps like restructuring of touristry related Torahs, demand for systems attack in pull offing touristry development, interacting with tourers in a healthy mode and supportive function of non-governmental organisations and operative steps like scheme for touristry development, creative activity of Brajmandal Development Board and creative activity of Brajmandal part on the line of Vatican City to increase the pacing of pilgrim’s journey touristry in Brajmandal.

Harsh nevatia ( 2001 ) “ Religious touristry in India has immense possible to germinate as a niche section. There are hurdlings to be overcome. The first hurdle is the hapless touristry substructure in general, and possibly the even poorer substructure of spiritual Centres. Adequate installations for housing, embarkation and traveling and travel will hold to be created. what needs to be done is to make nodes near spiritual Centres, where there is already a basic substructure nowadays and program twenty-four hours trips from at that place spiritual touristry in India can supply an experience that can non be had anyplace in the universe, but for it to fructify, the seeds will hold to be sown and the saplings will hold to be natured ” .

Wilson and John ( 2001 ) in this survey highlighted several factors viz. touristry bundle, good leading, support of local authorities, financess, strategic planning, coordination between local people, and proficient aid for touristry publicity etc. which were indispensable for rural touristry development. The writers viewed that rural touristry provided income and employment chances to local people in rural countries holding unutilized immense natural resources.

Cheerath ( 2002 ) in his survey found that the chief ground behind foreign tourers ‘ attractive force towards Kerala was ayurveda. It revealed different types of ayurvedic intervention techniques like nasyam, snehapanam, sirovasthi, sirodhara and vasthi etc. used in Kerala for intervention of both domestic and foreign tourers. The survey suggested that appropriate touristry policies must be formulated by Kerala authorities to forestall such activities.

Biju ( 2002 ) in his survey made an effort to explicate evolutionary procedure of planetary touristry. The survey concluded that the promotions made in conveyance and communicating systems were the chief grounds behind rapid growing of touristry globally.

Caprihan and Shivakumar ( 2002 ) in their article observed that India adopted age old touristry schemes those aiming merely two states U.K. and USA. The writer emphasized on the acceptance of advanced and customized touristry schemes by Indian authorities.

Singh ( 2002 ) in his paper gave a brief overview of touristry policy in India. The writer highlighted that these policies were domestic touristry oriented instead than international touristry oriented. The survey concluded that India had immense potency to develop touristry but the absence of appropriate procedure of policy preparation and execution seemed to be the chief hurdle in touristry development.

Singh ( 2002 ) in his research paper highlighted the demand for pull offing the impact of tourer and pilgrim mobility in the Indian Himalayas. The survey revealed that heavy flow of pilgrims and tourers during the extremum season from April to June lead to jobs associating to adjustment, catering, sewerage, sanitation, H2O supply, duty and ecological debasement. The survey suggested the demand for travel ordinance, instruction of visitants, selling of alternate finishs and targeted selling to acquire rid of jobs associating from mass touristry and pilgrim’s journey in Garhwal.

Bansal and Gautam ( 2003 ) in their survey described that Himachal Pradesh had big figure of heritage sites with position of first heritage small town of India. They besides highlighted that deficiency of resources, deficiency of expertness, deficiency of ready merchandise, common deficiency of cognition and minimum selling were the chief grounds impacting heritage touristry in Himachal Pradesh. They suggested the debut of entryway fees from tourers sing heritage Centres and separate heritage direction board to continue and advance the heritage sites.

Bar and Hatab ( 2003 ) in their survey stated that touristry and pilgrim’s journey touristry stood at opposite terminals of a continuum with broad scope of journey within these two terminals. The writers revealed that the chief ground behind modern tourers ‘ traveling was cultural wonder, instruction and desire to enrich themselves. Despite this they found that pilgrims preferred to see sanctum sites merely during spiritual festivals. The survey concluded that while pilgrims most of the clip visited merely spiritual topographic points the modern tourers visited the holy topographic points and secular topographic points every bit.

Batra ( 2003 ) in his survey on different Buddhist pilgrim’s journey sites viewed that India had enormous possible to pull a big figure of tourers from Far East and South-East Asia but due to miss of proper roads, basic comfortss, substructure installations and unequal promotional attempts on the portion of both the cardinal and province authorities the growing rate of Buddhist touristry in India was really slow.

Biju ( 2003 ) in his paper stated that eco-tourism was both nature based and ecologically sustainable. It entailed minimal impact on environment because as needed less substructure installations and services when compared with conventional touristry. However, ecotourism activities lead to an unneeded force per unit area on natural resources worldwide which required appropriate environmental planning and direction of natural countries for sustainable development of ecotourism.

Bleie ( 2003 ) in his survey discussed pilgrimage touristry in cardinal Himalayas with the aid of Manakamana temple in Nepal. The writer evaluated local people ‘s perceptual experience about socio-cultural, economical and environmental hazard associated with modern mechanical transport.The survey suggested that pilgrim’s journey touristry must construct on rules of sustainable touristry to get the better of the cultural, developmental, conservational and commercial hazard associated with it.

George ( 2003 ) in this article emphasized the demand for maestro program with long term vision including development of basic touristry installations such as route, railroads, airdrome, paseos, drainage, benchmarking and touristry Torahs for development of touristry. The writer besides recommended a strategic direction commission for touristry disposal map.

Poria and Airely ( 2003 ) in this survey discussed the consequence of faith and religionism on touristry industry. They observed that faith had direct impact on tourers ‘ ingestion wonts and their penchant to take any finish. The survey highlighted that the tourers ‘ penchant to see a peculiar site was straight dependent upon their faith and their strength of spiritual belief. Furthermore, different spiritual sites represented different things with different significances to different tourers and these different significances determined the behavioral form of tourers towards peculiar spiritual sites.

Singh ( 2003 ) in his survey evaluated the relationship between travel and different facets of social construction with the aid of a comparing between India and United States. The survey highlighted different similarities like complex societies, democracies and stratification system between India and United States. To cognize the behavioral form of people towards travel he besides explained differences on the footing of population, country and social development between the two societies. It revealed that travel related determinations by the Indian in-between category were straight influenced by spiritual idea. However, travel related determinations by the American in-between category were influenced by leisure clip and money. The survey concluded that immense differences between social constructions of India and United States gave birth to different types of touristry i.e. pilgrim’s journey touristry in India and secular touristry in United States.

Bahuguna ( 2004 ) in her paper made an effort to measure development of touristry industry in India with the aid of ten percent Five Year Plan attack. She highlighted that ten percent program considered heightening India ‘s fight as tourer finish. Furthermore, touristry survey revealed that the portion of India in universe touristry was dead with merely 0.38 per cent. Further, in instance of domestic touristry India had outstanding portion of 4.3 per cent worldwide. She concluded that India had huge possible for different types of touristry like ecotourism, wellness touristry, pilgrim’s journey touristry and wellness touristry which required proper planning.

Caprihan and Shivakumar ( 2004 ) in their survey highlighted chiefly four characteristics of eco-tourism i.e. saving, supportiveness, engagement and authorization to supply more support chances to local people. Writers viewed that India had huge potency of ecotourism but proper planning required for saving of natural resources was missing. Further merely few Indian provinces like Karnataka, Kerala, Sikkim, Rajasthan and Andhra pardesh had announced touristry policy for the development of eco-tourism. They highlighted the issue of mis-management at national Parkss and sanctuaries which required a well defined eco-tourism policy and provinces ‘ strong willingness to continue the environment.

Kolas ( 2004 ) in his survey highlighted the development of ethical and spiritual touristry in Shangri-la. It revealed that the development of touristry in this part provided gross to the local community. The writer besides highlighted that with the aid of topographic point devising schemes China renamed Zhongdian County as Shangri-la and promoted this topographic point as per impressions of Tibetan spiritual individuality. The survey concluded that similar schemes could change over an unfavorable tourer finish into a favorable one.

Kumar and Chandersekar ( 2004 ) in their survey highlighted that touristry had enormous potencies of gaining foreign exchange, giving revenue enhancement gross, bring forthing employment and lending to the economic growing of the state. To provide the demand of touristry industry, more hotels, resorts, diversion installations, transit installations and other subsidiary services were required.This unplanned development of touristry substructure lead to several jobs like congestion, overcrowding and pollution etc. The writers suggested a touristry direction program including standard for resort development, manner and location of construction, be aftering for sewerage and saving of unfastened infinites to be adopted by every state for sustainable development of touristry industry.

National Council for Applied Economic Research Report ( 2004 ) indicated that spiritual touristry emerged as dining market in India. The study highlighted that in comparing to 28 per cent portion of leisure circuit bundles, the figure of spiritual trips was much more with 50 per cent portion. It besides highlighted that with 23 million visitants, Tirupati was at first topographic point followed by Puri and Mata Vaishno Devi with 18.17 million and 17.25 million visitants severally. In malice of this, Buddhist pilgrim’s journey besides flourished in India. Buddhist pilgrims from Japan, South Korea, Thiland and Sri Lanka and late from China liked to see India to see topographic points related to Buddha. The study concluded that India had great potency of spiritual touristry and therefore Confederation of Indian Industry had recommended the authorities to place 25 domestic tourer sites and pass upto Rs. 22 million at each site for substructure development. Rana ( 2004 ) in his survey evaluated behavioral position of pilgrims and tourers in Banars ( Kashi ) . The survey highlighted different factors like economic, societal, cultural, occupation position and position of life to analyze the behavior of tourers ‘ . The survey besides examined tourers ‘ intent of visit, adjustment used, media of information, tourer attractive forces, manner of transit, outgo, overall feeling, symbolic significance of Kashi and sound flower stalk and odor flower stalk in Banars. The writer found that the tourers faced several jobs like scarceness of parking infinite, non-availability of adjustment, deficiency of promotion stuff and reliable map while sing Kashi. The survey suggested that to work out the jobs of both domestic and international tourers and to continue the cultural heritage and aesthetic values in Banaras proper programs and policy must be formulated by both the province and cardinal authorities.

Singh ( 2004 ) in his survey discussed pilgrimage touristry in Indian Himalayas and highlighted different types of touristry like pilgrim’s journey, escapade, wild life, eco-tourism and leisure touristry offered by modern Himalayas. He highlighted that modern signifier of touristry in Himalayan provinces like Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir was wholly unplanned and had drastic consequence on natural and sociocultural environment. He recommended that a well planned touristry development attack must be adopted by Himalayan provinces because their income was mostly dependent upon travel and touristry.

Singh and Mishra ( 2004 ) in their survey highlighted societal, economical and environmental dimensions of touristry in Manali. They observed an addition of 270 per cent in tourer reachings in Manali from last three decennaries. The writers revealed that Manali was sing environmental jobs like acute deficit of H2O, overcrowded roads, heavy traffic, inordinate refuse, unplanned growing and illegal buildings and sanitation jobs. They besides examined several variables like tourer season, outgo form, touristry revenue enhancements, adjustment, conveyance and transporting capacity of town which were indispensable for touristry industry in Manali. Besides this they suggested different short and long term schemes for adjustment, transit, H2O, sewerage, energy and finance. The survey suggested that cautious stairss must be taken by the province authorities to avoid mass touristry and make healthy eco-tourism in Manali.

Srinivasan and Nath ( 2004 ) in their article discussed the function of information engineering for development of touristry industry in India. They stated that merely Kerala was doing usage of information engineering in touristry. The research workers stressed on chiefly three elements of touristry industry i.e. service suppliers, bureaus of touristry and tourers which required an equal information system. Furthermore they presented an incorporate touristry information system theoretical account to ease most of the maps of all the three elements of touristry industry. The writers besides highlighted the importance of incorporate touristry information system in hotel industry, travel industry and handcraft industry. The survey recommended that India must follow modern information engineering patterns for touristry to prolong in both domestic and international market.

Woodward ( 2004 ) in his article made an effort to stand for spiritual sites as an of import beginning of income for many states. He opined that the income generated by spiritual sites could be used for fix and care of those peculiar sites and other spiritual sites. The survey highlighted that most of the universe celebrated spiritual sites were non able to suit big figure of visitants at one clip which lead to several inadvertent amendss, noise pollution, overcrowding, larceny incidents, littering and parking jobs. The writer suggested several redresss like bear downing for vehicle entree and entry fees to spiritual site etc. to get the better of the above mentioned jobs. He felt that there was demand for separate planning for those who visit for spiritual intent and those who visit merely as excursionists.

Anbalagan, Selvam and Amudha ( 2005 ) in their survey highlighted touristry as India ‘s 3rd largest export industry after ready made garments, jams and jewelry. The writers suggested five point scheme i.e. strong sustained policies, private sector engagement, liberalisation of air power, riddance of ruddy tape and investing in human resource development to accomplish sustained growing rate in touristry industry in India.

Murgan ( 2005 ) in his article highlighted that the chief ground behind detonation of domestic touristry in India was universe celebrated pilgrim’s journey sites. Further, boulder clay 1980 it was the North that dominated the Indian touristry industry with 70 per cent market portion but now it declined to 49 per cent. He viewed that the chief ground behind this worsening tendency was more focussed touristry development in the Southern part. The writer highlighted that Indian touristry industry was confronting several challenges like scarceness of hotel suites, high revenue enhancements, ill air power policies and unneeded hold in visa etc.

Dixit ( 2005 ) in his survey examined touristry form in Uttarakhand. He highlighted that spiritual tourers, pleasance tourers, and escapade and nature lovers preferred to see Uttarakhand. Further these tourers had different behavior forms sing nutrient, conveyance and adjustment. The survey revealed that escapade touristry was the fastest turning sector in Uttarakhand as compared to spiritual touristry. Furthermore, spiritual touristry in Uttarakhand was affected adversely by seasonality syndrome. The writer recommended that escapade touristry, yoga and speculation related touristry could assist in get the better ofing seasonality syndrome of Uttarakhand. He besides emphasized a close coordination of public, private and local authorities for spread outing tourers ‘ season in Uttarakhand.

Rao and Sikha ( 2005 ) in their survey presented Bollywood as an effectual tool for publicity of Indian touristry industry worldwide. They highlighted that Bollywood produce 27 per cent of entire planetary movie production and the range of Bollywood was 188 million audiences in Indian sub-continental, 20 million NRIs, and big figure of non- Indians in other states. Further, different states invited Indian movie industry for movie hiting in their state because it generated gross and employment for local communities. The survey recommended that India should besides show itself as favorable finish for movie shot.

Sarathy ( 2006 ) in this article gave an overview of spiritual touristry with regard to Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and Jainism. He mentioned assorted degrees of spiritual touristry like international, national and regional. He revealed that pilgrim’s journey extremum during the spiritual festivals and people visited the Centres of their religion in groups. The writer besides found Hinduism as 3rd largest religion amongst the universe ‘s faiths and holding largest figure of spiritual topographic points. He besides highlighted different spiritual festivals celebrated in India like Kumbh Mela, Brahmotsavam, Makar Jyoti and Rath Yatra and described Kumbh Mela as the largest spiritual assemblage at a individual topographic point in the universe. The writer besides explained Buddism, Islam, Sikhism and Janism as of import faiths in India and the universe.

Singh ( 2006 ) in her survey highlighted pilgrimage touristry in Indian Himalayas with the aid of four dimensions of touristry viz. travel, aliens, leisure and secularity. The survey besides highlighted four chief grounds behind Hindu pilgrim’s journey in Indian Himalayas i.e. societal and national integrating, societal coherence, growing of rational cognition, and beginning of values for human existences. The writer opined that increasing figure of pilgrims and tourers in Indian Himalayas was responsible for several jobs like overcrowding, congestion, traffic and environmental pollution. The research worker suggested that instruction and consciousness edifice programmes could straight assist in increasing the consciousness degree of both pilgrims and tourers sing pollution free environment in Himalayas.

Sud ( 2006 ) in this survey highlighted the external touristry and its positive impacts on Indian economic system. It revealed that India had immense potency for touristry but jobs like deficiency of air hose seats, non handiness of suites in hotels, and deficiency of professional expertness to manage tourers discouraged foreign tourers to take India as tourer finish. Furthermore tour operators overseas ne’er mentioned India because of hapless substructure installations. The survey besides highlighted that though India had unequal touristry substructure yet foreign tourers liked to see India because of its rich civilization. These foreign tourers straight helped the rural economic system by remaining in local hotels, eating local nutrient and purchasing local handcraft.

Dasgupta, Mondal and Basu ( 2006 ) in their survey made an effort to measure the impact of pilgrim’s journey touristry at Ganga Sagar Island. They viewed that in India people travelled big figure of pilgrim’s journey topographic points to gain virtuousness. Similarly Ganga Sagar was the topographic point where a holy dip during Makar Sankranti earned that much of virtuousness which 1 could gain by sing all the pilgrim Centres through put life. The survey highlighted that pilgrim’s journey touristry in Ganga Sagar opened several beginnings of hard currency earning and supported several new businesss like tea stables, hotels, new waves, rikshaw pullers, car drivers and STD stores etc. However, it had some negative social-cultural impact on their life in the signifier of immoral activities by tourers. The survey concluded that though pilgrimage touristry had some negative impact in Ganga Sagar, the overall impact of touristry in Ganga Sagar was positive and provided a big figure of economical and developmental benefits to the local people.

Kumar ( 2007 ) in his survey made an effort to measure impact of Tsunami on beach touristry. It revealed that about 3 lac people were killed due to Tsunami in 12 states. Further, most of the displaced people suffered from several psychological jobs. The survey highlighted several natural catastrophes like cyclones, inundations, Tsunami and temblors which affected beach touristry adversely in both the developed and developing states. The writer found that out of 1192 islands of Maldives 42 were lost. The survey suggested several steps like installing of progress warning system, coastal zone direction, community consciousness and catastrophe preparation programmes to cut down the impact of Tsunami.

Motiram ( 2007 ) in his survey described the impact of globalisation on mass touristry in India i.e. Beach Tourism, Mountain Tourism, and Religious Tourism. The survey highlighted that due to globalization the touristry industry generate more employment, and more foreign exchange net incomes. Further, it facilitated substructure development in the state. The research worker pointed out that India was the 3rd fastest turning travel and touristry economic system in the universe after Montenegro and China. The writer suggested that India must develop touristry substructure to pull international tourers in big Numberss.

Rishi and Giridhar ( 2007 ) in their paper evaluated touristry industry in Himachal pradesh with the aid of SWOT analysis. It highlighted the alone natural offerings of Himachal Pradesh which it could non hard currency due to miss of assorted installations like nutrient, transit, H2O and adjustment etc. The research worker viewed that to leverage touristry potency it was necessary to analyze the demands, perceptual experiences, penchants and satisfaction degree of tourers. The survey concluded that Himachal Pradesh had huge potency of going one of the universe ‘s top finishs provided it developed its substructure installations and promoted its offerings in a suited mode.

Patnaik ( 2007 ) in his article highlighted that Shree Jagannath Dham was among the 1000 most preferable finishs visited by redemption seeking aliens and have 2nd topographic point in instance of spiritual touristry in India. Further, he revealed that Mahodadhi ( the birth topographic point of goddess Luxami ) was another of import topographic point in Puri for both foreign and domestic tourers and they take dip at this topographic point during Ganga Sagar mela. The writer suggested that spiritual topographic points in India attract million of fans every twelvemonth and to tap the touristry chances, appropriate policies for spiritual touristry must be formulated and implemented.

Singh ( 2007 ) in his survey made an effort to analyze Buddhist touristry in India. He highlighted chiefly four Buddhist pilgrim’s journey circuits i.e. Kapilvastu, Magadha, Varanasi and Kusinagar in India holding their importance at both national and international degree. The survey besides revealed that different topographic points like Sri Lanka, Myanmar and South-East Asia claimed that Buddha besides visited their topographic points. Further, to pull foreign tourers these states developed themselves as Buddhist pilgrim’s journey Centres. The writer opined that to last in competitory state of affairss and to pull more tourers, India must follow appropriate touristry planning and schemes.

Winter ( 2007 ) in his survey discussed the present scenario of touristry in Asia. It highlighted that within 10 old ages Asia would hold one of the fastest turning tourist population in the universe. Despite this really small attending was received by Asiatic tourers in Asiatic states. The writer highlighted that the Asiatic states chiefly targeted Western states for touristry and formulated touristry policies consequently. Furthermore, they ignored the demands of Asiatic tourers. The survey suggested that a balanced attack which considered both Asian and Western tourers must be adopted by Asiatic states while explicating touristry policy.

Chadha and Singh ( 2008 ) in their survey discussed the demand and outlooks of spiritual tourers in Punjab. The survey highlighted the troubles of spiritual tourers refering to transit, adjustment, nutrient, shopping and cordial reception. The research workers found that railroads and air manner of transit dominated all other signifiers of travel. They revealed that most of the spiritual tourers liked to remain near spiritual topographic points because of convenience factor. It was besides observed that jobs like monetary value favoritism in some merchandises, deficiency of parking infinite, and improper signboards required immediate attending. The survey concluded that combined attack by the Punjab Government and the State Tourism Department must be adopted to place tourer circuits and to develop circuit bundles to pull more tourers to the province. Libison and Muralledharan ( 2008 ) in their survey discussed the economic benefits of pilgrim’s journey touristry in Subrimala to the local occupants of Pandalam rural country. The survey highlighted that the figure of pilgrims visited Subbrimala temple was about equal to the population of Kerala province. The writer revealed that during pilgrim’s journey season, a big figure of economic activities including junior-grade trading, adjustment and residence hall installations, nutrient and tea stores, transit etc. took topographic point in Pandalam which provided legion socio-economic benefit to the part. They besides found that during pilgrim’s journey season, the criterion of life of households based on nutrient wonts, vesture and salvaging form improved. The writer suggested that a development commission including functionaries from Gram Panchayat, Devaswon Board, Pandalam Executive

Committee and local people must be formulated for development of long and short term programs to harvest maximal benefits from pilgrim’s journey season. Sinha ( 2008 ) in their survey made an effort to measure the impact of spiritual touristry on Gir National Park. The aim of the survey was to bring forth consciousness about demand of visitants ‘ direction in protected countries like Gir National Park. The writer revealed that a big figure of spiritual tourers and wildlife tourers visited the country which leads to jobs like overcrowding, non-biodegradable refuse and human waste etc. They besides highlighted the perturbations in river system due to bathing and rinsing of apparels, utensils and vehicles by the pilgrims. The research worker suggested that attempts should be made to protect the vegetation and zoology in Gir woods by converting the temple governments and by educating the pilgrims sing the above mentioned facets.

Wichasin ( 2008 ) in his survey illustrated the relationship between pilgrim’s journey and touristry with the aid of Stupa worship. He highlighted that pilgrim’s journey involved three indispensable stairss i.e. journey to the sacred sites, public presentation of ritual Acts of the Apostless and in conclusion returning place with sense of reclamation. Further, touristry shared some similarity with the pilgrim’s journey but besides included rubber-necking, going and sing different topographic points. The writer discussed the theoretical account explicating the characteristics of the pilgrims and provided two continuum viz. secularism-sacredness and tourism-pilgrimage.

David Nunan ( 2000 ) the pilgrim’s journey touristry, can seek to depict and what it means to people, from the pilgrim ‘s point of position. We might so understand the function of pilgrimage touristry in peoples ‘ lives today and the province of faith in an progressively secular society. From this procedure it was possible to happen theoretical perceptual experiences that might associate in with the ballad perceptual experiences studied. Sacred Space in Secular Culture ; Transformations ; Embodied Ritual ; and Unity in Diversity, and a frame was used to divide pilgrim’s journey into loosely talking, the primitive and the modern peculiarly the immature, will seek to make new rites, new rites of transition