On the threshold of fall ining World War I. the United Kingdom set up a bill of exchange system to enroll immature work forces into the military. This system set bounds on sex. physical disablements. matrimonial position. and of class. age. Although Edward Thomas fell outside of these limitations. hence salvaging him from of all time holding to dress in uniform. a loyal Thomas still wanted to function his state. so he enlisted. However. before contending his conflicts in Europe. Thomas wrote the celebrated verse form. “Rain. ” in which he discusses the strivings of decease and war. Thomas creates a talker with whom he can associate and uses this talker to stand for the possible scenarios and feelings that he may confront in any hereafter warlike state of affairss. In “Rain. ” Thomas’ enunciation. organisation. and punctuation all pigment intense. upseting images. which in bend convey the poem’s chief subject of war and decease.
Thomas’ enunciation plays an indispensable function in reaffirming the poem’s chief subject. This is apparent in the first lines of the verse form when he writes. “Rain. midnight rain. nil but the wild rain / On this black hut. and purdah. and me / Remembering once more that I shall die” ( 1-3 ) . The word “rain” is repeated three times in the first line. ab initio entirely. so with the predating adjectives “midnight” and “wild. ” All of these words describe the Thomas’ milieus and typify his solitariness. The first “rain” stands entirely with no adjectival. merely as Thomas is entirely. while the 2nd and 3rd “rain” are described by midnight and natural state. which describe his milieus and province of head. These thoughts become more obvious in the 2nd line. as Thomas uses the word “solitude. ” repeating his loneliness.
In footings of enunciation. Thomas to boot incorporates several similes into his verse form. In line 13. he writes. “Like a cold H2O among broken reeds. ” mentioning back to a supposed loved one hopefully non being “helpless among the life and the dead” ( 12 ) . This simile pigments an highly dark image. farther exemplifying Thomas’ interior feelings and hurting. The adjectives cold and broken in this simile peculiarly emphasize these feelings. Another simile is found in lines 15 and 16 where Thomas writes. “Like me who have no love which this natural state rain / Has non dissolved except the love of decease. ” Now. Thomas is stating that he lacks love because the rain has melted away whatever love he had. Now. he is merely left with love for decease because he feels so tortured in his state of affairs in the cold. “wild rain” ( 15 ) .
Basically. this verse form can be divided into two parts ; the first of which. Thomas is composing in first individual. sharing his interior feelings about himself ; the 2nd portion in which he still discusses his interior feelings. nevertheless this clip. those feelings are about others. non himself. These parts divide at the terminal of line 7. where a colon clearly marks the topographic point. Ultimately. the Thomas is frightened by decease. and possibly is covetous of those who have died. He wants to liberate himself of the anguish he suffers waiting for his decease and merely wants to acquire decease over with. as he says. “Blessed are the dead that rain rains upon” ( 7 ) . Here. the dead are blessed because they no longer have to digest the angst and torture of inquiring when decease will go on. Death is non an option ; there is simply a affair of clip before it does go on. but it is certain to go on in this war. Notice the “rain” merely “rains” upon the dead – it does non torrent or downpour. therefore. it paints a more peaceable image. These dead are deservingly being cleansed and washed of all bad that has happened to them as the rain spiels serenely on their exanimate organic structures.
In the 2nd portion of this verse form. Thomas is believing about his loved 1s and trusting that they are non listening to the rain as he is – expecting decease “or therefore in sympathy” ( 11 ) . His loved 1s are most likely his fellow companions. friends. and household. He hopes that none of his companions are lying in the alone in this rain. sing a painful decease. and he hopes that his friends and household are non lying awake in their beds worrying about him. And should his companions be deceasing on the conflict field. he farther hopes that they are non “helpless among the life and the dead” ( 12 ) . The talker envisions dead organic structures all around him – “Myriads of broken reeds all still and stiff” ( 14 ) . and he feels really entirely. as he repeats the word “solitude” twice in lines 2 and 6 and “solitary” in line 10. He does non desire his loved 1s to experience this same manner.
In the last two lines of the verse form. Thomas steers off from his ideas about his loved 1s. as he creates a more personal tone than the predating lines in the 2nd portion. In these concluding two lines. Thomas discusses how he may hold to let down his love in order to make “what is perfect” ( 17 ) . In this sense. “what is perfect. ” may really intend what is right or what his bosom tells him – enlist in the war and battle for his state. Here. the storm. or rain. is stating him non to let down himself and make what he feels in his bosom. Throughout the full verse form. Thomas has struggled with these images of war – being in the darkness. entirely – but in the terminal. he knows his destiny will be decease. It is merely a affair of how he chooses his decease. whether it is in conflict or turning old at place with his household and friends. so long as he doesn’t disappoint himself.
Thomas’ thoughts about decease are reinforced by the poem’s punctuation and caesura. This verse form is comprised merely of two sentences. the first stoping at the terminal of line 6. Line 7 serves as a passage line into the following sentence. which begins at line 8. All of the poem’s caesura can be found at the terminal of these sentences. In all other lines. except 6 ( the terminal of the first sentence ) . 7 ( line ends with a colon ) . and 18 ( the terminal of the 2nd sentence and verse form ) . enjambment occurs. Thomas utilizes this sentence construction as a metaphor for his feelings. which he expresses throughout the verse form. Efficaciously. the speaker’s ideas are scattered. but uninterrupted – reflecting on his current physical state of affairs in the rain storm. woolgathering about his loved 1s. and finally confronting his frights of decease – merely like the sentences in this verse form. These sentences are slightly run-ons. typifying the uninterrupted ideas of Thomas. but finally. and unhappily. Thomas’ life must stop. merely like the verse form.
Death is. unluckily. an happening that we must all finally face. Since Thomas wrote this verse form before he joined the war attempt. he did non really cognize what it was like to contend in conflict. However. through this verse form he was able to joint his ideas and expect the feelings of being a soldier in war. The imagination that Thomas is able to make through his word pick and punctuation is dark and straitening. yet really existent. Thomas’ usage of similes further exaggerates his interior feelings as a soldier. The lone love that Thomas possesses by the terminal of the verse form is “the love of death” ( 16 ) . How intolerable it must experience to be so despairing that you await decease to set you out of your wretchedness.
Thomas. Edward. “Rain. ” The Norton Anthology of Poetry. Comp. Margaret Ferguson. Jon Stallworthy. and Mary Jo Salter. 5th erectile dysfunction. New York: W. W. Norton & A ; Company. Inc. . 2005. 1255.