The United States before the civil war was fundamentally split into two parts. the North and the South. These two parts had really different civilizations. economic sciences. and climates which led to different life manners and positions. Problems caused by the differences between the North and the South finally led the state into a great civil war- the bloodiest war in American history. The North and South had diverse climes and natural characteristics. The North had chiefly bouldery and sterile lands with humid summers and snowy winters. so agrarian was hard. Fast traveling rivers and waterfalls were common in the North because of the many mountains.
As a consequence. Northerners started to utilize waterpower to run mills. Meanwhile. in the South. the conditions was normally hot and cheery. with tonss of rainfall. doing the turning seasons longer. The South’s lands were flatter than the North’s. doing it a more ideal topographic point for farming. The Northern and Southern population was really different. The Northern population between the old ages 1800 and 1860 increased massively. Because of the big sums of immigrates from Europe. the North’s population increased from five million to thirty-one million. The South’s population. on the other manus. was made up largely of enslaved Africans.
By 1860. one tierce. out of 12 million people in the South. was slaves. The milieus in the North and South led its citizens to populate in contrasting topographic points. In the North. the crowded and soiled metropoliss along the Atlantic seashore served as centres of trade and drew labourers to work in towns. When streets were improved and constabularies forces were created. metropoliss became the centre of art. civilization. and instruction. In the South. nevertheless. their economic system was based on agribusiness. As a consequence. towns were developed slower and trading centres were rarer than in the North.
Because of the climes and geographics in these two parts. they developed different economic systems. Economy in the North was based on many different industries such as transportation. fabric. and excavation. Because of coal and waterpower. fabrication in the North developed rapidly. Unlike the North’s. the South’s economic system was based on agribusiness. Crops such as cotton and baccy made immense net incomes. Southern husbandmans had to utilize big sums of slave labour for their plantations. so bondage was necessary to the prosperity of the Southern economic system. Northerners and Southerners developed single civilizations.
Cities had an of import function in finding the North’s civilization. New concerns brought new thoughts to the North. The Northern accent on public instruction led to many schools and churches. The life in the South was truly different than the North’s. The South’s agricultural system was controlled by affluent plantation owners who lived like the state gentlemen of England. The South had few schools or churches. Rich plantation owners would normally engage private coachs to learn their kids until they were sent to private schools. One of the few similarities of the North and South are that they both have 1000s of roads. steamers. and canals.
In 1850. 30 thousand stat mis of paths connected far-away parts of the United States. By 1860. there were over 88 thousand stat mis of surface roads in the North and South combined. The biggest difference between the North and the South is that the South had slavery. while the North did non. Finally. the issue of bondage and the other differences of these two parts led to the American Civil War. which lasted for four old ages. However. after the civil war. the North and South. like a household. unite together and became one of the most powerful states in the universe.