Han China and Mauryan & Gupta India Essay

Han dynasty and Mauryan/Gupta imperiums developed in approximately the same clip frame and overlapped in the old ages 320 B. C. E. – 220 C. E. developing in different parts of the Earths with their ain alone geographicss. Both the Han and Mauryan/Gupta empires developed bureaucratic authoritiess that were ruled by male monarchs. but due to the different geographical parts. India’s authorities was fragmented into local authoritiess. The Han Dynasty of China was structured off of a societal doctrine while Mauryan/Gupta India followed a faith which united the subcontinent.

The Han and Mauryan/Gupta imperiums besides both developed agricultural economic systems although their position on the merchandiser category were about opposite. The Han and Mauryan/Gupta empires both created hierarchical. bureaucratic authoritiess. The hierarchy in China’s authorities was more flexible and was set up in the 5 relationships ( swayer and topic. male parent and boy. hubby and married woman. oldest boy and younger brothers. and friend and friend ) whereas India’s hierarchy was stiff and created through the Caste System ( Brahmin. Kshatriyas. Vaisyas. Sudras. and eventually the Pariah ) .

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Ultimately. both hierarchal bureaucratisms were led by a male monarch. In China. the Han dynasty was able to make a strong centralised authorities led by male monarchs who claimed the Godhead right to govern China. or in the instance of the Chinese Dynasties. they claimed the Mandate of Heaven. However. because of the geographics of India. such as the Deccan Plateau and the Hindu-Kush Mountains. the authorities of India was broken up into local authoritiess.

Whereas China needed a strong centralised authorities in order to unify its people. India could acquire away with holding a weak cardinal authorities because Hinduism would finally unify the people of the Mauryan/Gupta imperiums. Hinduism. the major faith of India which besides kept the people of India united when the regional authoritiess could non. was based on the rule of a rhythm of metempsychosis known as samsara. Under this faith. the chief focal point of the people was to accomplish moksha – unifying with Brahman – and get awaying samsara.

And where the Mauryan/Gupta imperiums focused on otherworldly thoughts. the Han Empire focused on life on Earth following the instructions of Confucius. Even though the Mauryan/Gupta empires followed a faith and the Han imperium followed a doctrine. both the Mauryan/Gupta and Han empires believed in esteeming their higher-ups. Finally. Han China and Mauryan/Gupta India both created comfortable. agricultural economic systems. However the Han Empire relied on the production of wheat. rice. and silk and the Mauryan/Gupta Empire relied on the production of cotton.

Both imperiums besides relied on the usage of conscripted labour but in Han China it was drafted labour and in Mauryan/Gupta India it was through the usage of the outcast ( “untouchables” ) category from the Caste System of Hinduism. Even though their economic systems. in rule. are indistinguishable. they had immensely differing positions of the merchandiser category. In Han China. they were viewed as the “mean people” and trash of the Earth whereas in India. they made up the Vaisyas caste which was their in-between category.