George Orwell Essay

George Orwell had spent his school years at SST Cyprian School, Eastbound. Blair hated it there; he could not wait till the day he was rid of that school. George was a Socialist; The Spanish Civil War played the most important part in defining Rowel’s socialism because it made him fight for what he loved, beauty. During most of his career, Orwell was best known for his Journalism, in essays, reviews, columns in newspapers and magazines and his books.

The books he has written are Animal Farm ; 1984, The Hanging and many other books and essays. 2. Definitions: Communism: A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Socialism: A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the meaner of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

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Democracy: A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible embers of a state, typically through elected representatives. Fascism: An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. Maims: The communist doctrines of Mao Sedona as formerly practiced in China, having as a central idea permanent revolution and stressing the importance of the peasantry, of small-scale industry, and of agricultural acclimatization. Nazism: a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader.

Satire: The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and Ritchie people’s stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. Irony: The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Allegory: A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. 3. Explain the impact these people left the world.

Karl Marx: Karl Heimlich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, Journalist, and revolutionary socialist. He published numerous books urine his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Ads Capital (1867-1894). Karl Marx was the father of communism. He did nothing for the world. Although he Just wanted the best for his people, he was an absolute fool because he thought communism would work. But communism never works. Leon Trotsky: Trotsky was the chairman of the the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrography Soviet.

It was this organization that, under Linen’s direction, that staged the takeover of the state known as the October Revolution. Trotsky wrote a number of kooks, articles and pamphlets decrying what had happened to the revolution and proposed alternative policies tort the country – leading to the branch to communism known as Trotsky. Stalin took action against him, and, in 1940, in Mexico, he was stabbed to death. Lenin: Vladimir ‘lice Alumina, the architect and first head of the USSR, led the October Revolution, which was effectively a coup d’etat. Almost 3 years of civil war followed.

The Bolsheviks were victorious and assumed total control of the country. Stalin: Stalin arranged for the death of millions of Ukrainians in a holocaust hat is now largely unrecognized as one of the most horrific events of the 20th century. Stalin organized the dislocation of 10 million independent farmers in a bid to create a communist collective farm. When they would not cooperate he organized troops to kill them. When bullets proved too expensive to do this he managed to remove almost all sources of food from the market and starve to death those that would not cooperate.

This resulted in the death of 7 million people. There are reports of people eating their pets and even resorting to Cannibalism. Mussolini: Mussolini came to power through extra constitutional methods. He did everything to keep himself in power. He eliminated all opposition and assumed dictatorial powers thereby giving a death blow to democracy. He allied himself with Hitler during the War and added to the misery of the neighbors. Franco: While Francisco Franco was in power he helped to stabilize the economy of Spain which had been ruined after the civil war which had taken place.

The civil war occurred because of the rebellion against the government of Spain. Franco and a group of others who had a strong disbelief in the policies of the Republican government formed a coup to revolt against the government of Spain and to gain power over the government. Tsar Nicholas of Russia: Nicholas strove to serve his country’s best interests as he saw them, but his methods were dictatorial, paternalistic, and often inadequate. Under his rule, Russia was humiliatingly defeated in the Russo-Japanese War, which saw the almost total annihilation of the Russian Baltic Fleet at the Battle of Tsunami.

The Anglo-Russian Entente, designed to counter German attempts to gain influence in the Middle East, ended the Great Game between Russia and the United Kingdom. 4. Answer Questions: A) Where did the Russian Revolution take place? The bulk of the fighting in relation to the original stage of the revolution took place in Moscow, SST. Petersburg (which was renamed Leningrad after the revolution). B) Why did it happen? There were multiple reasons why the Revolution took place; this is some of the reasons: The army was badly equipped, the war took 1 5 million men from farms, Food shortages, Food prices rose, people were starving and needed food.

C) Why were Tsar Nicholas and his family executed? They were murdered for the bad leadership of Nicholas and also I believe that it was mercy kill, for the people that killed them tried to make it as harmless as possible. Rather than beaten with clubs and fists until death. 5. Explain the meaning of the term “Cold War”. “The Cold War” was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies, and powers in the Eastern Bloc, dominated by the Soviet Union along wit Warsaw Pact.

This began after the success of their temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with rebound economic and political differences. 6. A) What is a fable? A short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral B) Write down the name of any fables you know. The Tortoise and the Hare, The boy who cried wolf, the dog and it’s reflection, The lion and the mouse. 7. What’s the difference between Socialism and Communism?

Communism is a form of socialism, in the same way that Catholicism is a type of Christianity. However, communism is an all-encompassing political system. There are different schools of communist thought. But all are political systems that dictate how a nation will unction. Socialism is merely an economic facet of a political system, such that there is democratic socialism (France), libertarian socialism (anarchism or anarchy- syndicalism), authoritarian socialism (the Soviet Union) and even hybrid socialism that incorporates free market principles (China).

In socialist countries, wealth and property are communally owned and distributed by the state. The political level of democratic input can vary based on the adjoining political ideology. 8. Explain Stalin’s 5 year plan. How successful were they? At what cost? Stalin’s 5 year plan was to modernism the Soviet industry. Stalin claimed that the USSR was 50 to 100 years behind the west, and that if they could not make up this gap within 10 years or the West would bury them. The Five year plans were Stalin’s method of modernizing the country’s industry.

New dams, for hydro-electricity, new roads, new steel ; metal plants were created, new mines sunk and new canals dug. It was a great success for Stalin as they did not feel the touch of the great depression as they were advancing so quickly. But lots of people died in the process of this. 9. What happened during the show trials? Why did the people confess? The Show Trials were an event where they would give someone a “trial” to be non-guilty or guilty but no matter what all of the evidence was directed towards, they always would be guilty and punished by death.

That is where the name “Show Trial” got its name, because it was in matter fact no fair trial and the whole scenario would be a show. Stalin would use this to his advantage, getting rid of his rivals and enemies. Accuses them of unknown assaults and conspiracies and get rid of them. 10. Which countries in the world are communist today? Only 5 in the world today which are: China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea, Vietnam 11. What happened to Communism in Russia? When did it happen? Why did it happen? Who were the people involved in its demise?

The Soviet economy was slowly becoming stagnant, whilst military spending went through the root. Reggae’s Strategic Defense Initiative was seen as a threat to be countered, and the Soviets threw more money at the military – the US was spending 15-18% of its Gross Domestic Product (how much the country earns) at the military, the Soviets were spending up to 35% – they were bankrupting themselves. Communism in Russia ended in 1991, there onwards Mikhail Cockroach reintroduced capitalism and that’s how it’s been ever since.