Duffy. composing from the 20th century position. revisits the well known character from Great Expectations in a dramatic soliloquy. where she assumes the character of Havisham to research the innermost ideas and feelings of a acrimonious adult female destroyed by unanswered love and humiliation. Havisham appears to be written in the manner of a Shakespearian sonnet. but does non stop in a rhymed pair. merely continues in this manner. This symbolises that there is no happy stoping for Havisham and ideas of her lover’s treachery will stalk her throughout the remainder of her life. her hurting in ongoing and ne’er stoping.
Duffy takes off Miss Havisham’s rubric ; by making this she strips her of her individuality in society. Duffy’s usage of an oxymoron and dyslogistic. ‘Beloved sweetheart bastard’ . has an undertone of force. and emphasises Havisham’s conflicting emotions about her ex lover. The usage of dark. monosyllabic linguistic communication like ‘dead’ . coupled with the rough ‘d’ sound shows how degage Havisham has become from her emotions. The metaphor ‘dark green pebbles for eyes’ . reflects how her psyche has been hardened to all feelings and emotions.
The stray noun ‘spinster’ reflects Havisham’s ain isolation from society. through her embarrassment at being jilted at the communion table. Havisham ‘stink [ s ] and retrieve [ s ] ’ . the olfactic image shows that Havisham is consumed by her yesteryear and that every portion of her is tainted by it. Duffy employs an aural animalistic image. ‘cawing’ that strips Havisham of her muliebrity and in her closet Havisham’s frock is ‘yellowing’ . reflecting her ain decay.
Havisham is afraid to look in ‘the slewed mirror’ because she fears herself and so she inquiries ‘who did this to [ her ] ’ . whether she is responsible for what she has become. Duffy utilizations in darkness titillating and animal images as Havisham imagines castrating her lover. and a violent stop consonant. ‘bite’ . to underscore her desire to castrate him. merely as her muliebrity was taken from her. The oxymoron ‘love’s hate’ reflects Havisham’s conflicted emotions. that her yesteryear has disturbed her present and future.
Duffy employs a violent stop consonant. ‘red balloon bursting in my face’ . with a indication that emphasises her desire for retaliation. There is a violent. isolated. onomatopoeic. aural image that represents her hurting. her past and her agony. Havisham longs for ‘a male corpse’ which implies her desire to torment and derive retaliation on her ex lover. Duffy shows us that it is non merely Havisham’s bosom that has broken. but her head is broken excessively. she has been destroyed by her ex lover and this has distorted her position on her life and herself.