Subject: “ The impact of the Caribbean ‘s dependance on the natural environment for tourer development and its deduction for sustainable development in order for us to stay competitory planetary market topographic point. ”
“ The Caribbean is a nature lover ‘s dream, welcoming visitants in hunt of the admirations of the natural world-creatures, workss and landscapes unmatched in diverseness and beauty, ” ( ECO-TOURISM, 2009 ) . This statement heralds the touristry anthem of the Caribbean, for it is celebrated tourers come in hunt of Sun, sea and sand. Our environment is therefore the foundation on which our touristry is built and as a consequence still remains the chief beginning of our economic nutriment.
This research paper will cover the undermentioned:
- Seek to clear up the Caribbean ‘s natural environment as the beginning of our touristry.
- Provide statistical informations demoing our dependance on touristry and its moneymaking benefits.
- Describe the impairment of our environment through adult male made and climatic alterations.
- Supply two illustrations that are in fright of devastation due to these alterations.
- Suggests ways to assist the crisis through sustainable touristry.
Tourism is a universe broad activity. It is a dynamic and competitory industry, which relies invariably on the ability to accommodate to altering demands and desires of non merely the consumer, but besides the host state. For us in the Caribbean, our natural environment has been our chief beginning of touristry. Our twelvemonth round tropical conditions, our beaches, our dramatic scenery and even the heat of our local people have all contributed to this. Conversely, states such as The United States of America and even Japan are non geographically fortunate to possess the quality of our natural beauty, hence their touristry industry is dependent upon a reinforced state, one where edifices instead than nature provides tourer with sights to see and bask. The Caribbean has been making an exceeding occupation in selling ourselves as such a finish and justly so we are harvesting the benefits. We showcase Dominica as “ The nature island of the Caribbean, ” we celebrate Guyana ‘s waterfalls and rain forests, we bask in the beauty of Tobago ‘s coral reefs and by and large pride ourselves in our beautiful landscapes and for some, our cragged terrains.
It is singular to observe, that given the current economic crisis globally, many of our islands have still shown an addition in tourists reachings. Statistics show, that Antigua and Barbuda received in the twelvemonth 2008, 265,841 visitants with a 1.5 % addition over the old twelvemonth. Jamaica, a popular and good standard finish, received 1,767 271 visitants with an addition of 3.9 % . Aruba, received 826,774 visitants with an tremendous addition of 7.1 % over the old twelvemonth ( Caribbean Tourism Organisation, 2009 ) .
With relation to the remainder of the universe, the Caribbean’sA per centum portion of our tourer reachings is at 48.4 % for sail riders, and 2.9 % in stay over tourists as of the twelvemonth 2000, ( Caribbean and Intra-Caribbean Tourism Current Situation and Perspectives, 2002 ) .
Economically, in the assorted islands, touristry contributes to a great per centum of the GDP ( Gross Domestic Product ) . Statistics show, a part of 75 % in Anguilla, 36 % in Barbados and 55 % in St Lucia, in the twelvemonth 2000 with these figure increasing with go throughing old ages ( Caribbean and Intra-Caribbean Tourism Current Situation and Perspectives, Mercedes Silver, 2002 ) . These figures clearly show how much we depend on this industry to back up and prolong our islands.
In concurrence with the GDP, occupations generated by this industry besides contribute significantly to the economic system. Jobs are created in building, retail and fabrication merely to call a few. It has been seen that employment generated as a consequence of touristry in a few of our islands are as follows ; Dominica generated an employment per centum of 19 % , 51 % in St. Lucia and a per centum of 56 in the Bahamian Islands in the twelvemonth 1999 ( Get the better ofing the Challenges to the Sustainability of Tourism in Caribbean SIDS, Cletus Springer, n.d. ) .
Furthermore, the CTO estimations, that there are over 900 1000 individuals employed in the touristry industry within the Caribbean part. This underscores the importance and the immense incessant demand for us to keep and better the quality of our island finishs, as a alone tourer experience in order to go on to bring forth and increase the income that is produced by this industry.
However, and it is rather unfortunate to observe, that at the current rate at which we are working and under conserving our natural environment, this industry, as we know it will be immensely decreased and possibly even non existent in the coming old ages. This non merely relates to the impact on the environment due to local maltreatment and abuse, but it besides refers to the environment on a planetary degree including the phenomenon of “ Global Heating ” and “ Climate Change. ” It was stated, “ Early touristry development has given small consideration to natural resource restrictions, impact on wildlife and autochthonal civilizations ” ( Tourism And Sustainable Development Background Paper # 4, 1999 ) . There is a relationship between the environment and touristry. One straight relies on the other, and as a consequence many activities can hold unwanted environmental effects.A
These negative impacts can destruct the environmental resources on which it depends. Furthermore, touristry on a whole, but peculiarly in the Caribbean part is one of the many anthropogenetic activities with chief focal point on coastal countries. It is seen that the most popular topographic points for tourers, are the mountains and the seashore.
As a consequence touristry contributes well to the pollution, by waste H2O, refuse, warming, noise and traffic emanations. It besides adds to the inordinate usage of natural countries, the loss of natural and architectural heritage in the visage of rapid enlargement and inter-sectorial competition and disagreements over Marine and tellurian infinite ( Tourism And Sustainable Development Background Paper # 4, 1999 ) . These negative menaces arise, when the rate at which tourers ‘ usage, exceeds the environment ‘s capableness to last with the usage within the acceptable bounds of alteration. This is as a consequence of uncontrolled or conventional touristry.
There are practical illustrations as to the local maltreatment and uncontrolled touristry every bit good as the universe ‘s part to planetary heating, ensuing in the diminution of merchandise and debasement of tourer sites in the Caribbean. One major illustration of this is the Buccoo Reef in Tobago. This reef is located on the leeward southwest seashore of Tobago and comprises of five emergent fringing reefs, a shallow sandy laguna with a thin distribution of coral communities and an next sheltered laguna which together spans and country of 7km squared ( Buccoo Reef Case Study, n.d. ) .
Not merely is this reef a sight to see, it is besides a beginning of coastal protection from wave eroding by assisting to cut down the strength of the moving ridges as they travel toward shore. High strength moving ridges have the ability to gnaw coastlines, take sand from beaches and destroy coastal belongingss, the bulk of which are Hotels and Marinas. Tourists are carried out to the reef via a glass underside boat. When the reef has been reached, tourers are asked to set on fins and snorkels ( protective cogwheel for the tourers ) , and so invited to come in the reef giving them a closer expression at alien fish, corals and other marine life that are present.
This is a dramatic sight ; it showcases the true beauty of the Caribbean ‘s Living Ocean. However, it besides degrades, destroys and putting to deaths corals and reefs by the trample and remotion of them by aroused tourers who would love to return to their fatherland with a small souvenir of their travel.
As if the lifting sea temperatures, sea degrees and sourness of the oceans as a consequence of planetary heating ( which leads to decease by decoloring and deficiency of nutrient, since corals are photosynthetic being and necessitate sunshine for nutrient and growing ) of our corals were n’t plenty, the reefs now have to last human activity which leaves them interrupt, starved and unattractive. If the uninterrupted uncontrolled visits to the reefs continue, Tobagonians will non be able to tout of such a reef, and a Domino consequence will ensue ; there will be a crisp lessening in visits to this site, which will as a consequence lower the percent income to the GDP and besides negatively impact the coevals of employment.
Another such illustration is Harrison ‘s Cave in Barbados. In this illustration environmental alterations every bit good as human interactions will be discussed. Harrison ‘s Cave is located in the cardinal highland country of Barbados. Water eroding of the porous limestone in this portion of the island carved legion belowground channels and caves which left the formation of stalagmites and stalactites.
There are two dimensions to this cave. There is the a room called “ The Altar ” and another called the “ The Crystal Room. ” The cave experience begins in the auto park, where the visitant is able to see some of the natural flora and characteristics of a limestone gully. There is even a waterfall country where visitants are allowed to take images. This is another brilliant beauty merely present here in the Caribbean.
On the downside, the natural systems of the cave are delicate. Changes in the air flow and amplified degrees of C dioxide have transformed the physical procedures of limestone development. This accelerates the rate at which the Ca carbonate ( which makes up the limestone ) to fade out which causes less of it to be deposited, ensuing in the slow growing of limestone formation. Besides changes in the natural forms of airing, ensuing from higher degrees of C in the ambiance besides ensuing from planetary heating and clime alteration, creates an unnatural physique up of heat into the cave.
Another job is the usage of candent visible radiations. While this enhances the beauty of the formation, it besides supports the growing of algae. This unsought growing causes stain in the expression of the limestone. The addition in traffic to the cave has besides encouraged the presence of insects, whose natural activities discolours the H2O and signifiers organic sedimentations on the corals ( Sustainable Use of Natural Resources for Tourism Development, n.d. ) . All these are environmental and anthropogenetic factors that if continued without any signifier of rectification, will be damaging non merely to the industry of touristry but besides to our cultural heritage, as there will no longer be that history to go through on to future coevalss.
In the aftermath of this worsening state of affairs in the relationship between our environment and conventional touristry, negotiations of a sustainable ecotourism have developed, in order to turn this state of affairs about, and continue non merely our history but besides our civilization. Harmonizing to the UNCSD NGO Steering Committee, “ touristry is non, as many people assert, a clean and non-polluting industry. A major job is the deficiency of a common apprehension of what sustainable touristry means. This ambiguity leads to misdemeanors of environmental ordinances and criterions, ” ( Tourism And Sustainable Development Background Paper # 4, 1999 ) .
“ The demand for sustainable touristry has long been recognised, enabling the right balance to be struck between gaining the potency of the touristry industry to lend to national economic development ends, without damaging the really resources that attracted the visitants in the first topographic point, ” ( Caribbean Sustainable Tourism Policy Framework, n.d. )
One might so inquire the inquiry, what is sustainable touristry? It is relevant to observe, that sustainable touristry can come as a consequence of sustainable development of a peculiar island province and therefore goes manus in manus. Harmonizing to the Caribbean Tourism Organisation, sustainable touristry is defined as “ the optimum usage of natural and cultural resources for national development on an just and self prolonging footing to supply a alone visitant experience and an improved quality of life through partnership among authorities, the private sector and communities, ” ( Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States ) .
This merely means that it is an industry which is dedicated to supplying income and employment to locals, while cut downing the strain of the environment and local civilization. In 1992, the United Nations met in a conference in Rio de Janeiro, and came up with the “ Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. ” This is a papers consisting of 20 seven rules in which member provinces, declared their engagement, in order to esteem the involvements of all and protect the unity of the planetary environmental and developmental system.
These rules work manus in manus with the subject of sustainable tourism.A Principle 4 provinces, “ in order to accomplish sustainable development environmental protection shall be represent an built-in portion of the development procedure and can non be considered in isolation from it, ” ( Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992 ) .
This emphasises and implies the demand for preservation and protection of our natural environment and ecosystems, acknowledging the built-in and mutualist nature of our niche industry and our planet Earth. In acknowledgment of this, several hotels in our islands are now taking to be Green Globe certified in order to play their portion in the security of our environment and touristry industry. However it is non limited to hotels and concern topographic points, but air hoses, airdromes, farms, eating houses and even little local communities can work towards Green Globe enfranchisement.
Green Globe 21 is a positive measure for everyone to go cognizant of the planetary crisis confronting us and non merely to be cognizant but take important action in order to do a alteration. It is understood that the issue of planetary heating can non be changed overnight. It is besides noted, that the unset of the industrial epoch decided our hereafter when it came to the sum of C emanations so and the impacts we face now. However, since we are unable to alter history, intending we were unable to forestall the rise in temperatures and the sum of green house gasses emitted, we have to take healing steps in order to safe guard our hereafter ; Green Globe 21 provides this.
Green Globe 21 or EC3 is an internationally acclaimed environmental advisory group which can supply an administration with a clear way, merchandises and services to pull off and accomplish sustainability marks.
The benefits of this to our islands as tourer finishs are tremendous. Participants can lend in little but meaningful ways to the decrease in green house gasses, which leads to a cleansing agent atmosphere, less wastage of natural resources and a sustainable hereafter for the Earth.
There is an ABC attack to being Green Globe certified. First one must be cognizant of the diminution in environmental criterions and must hold a desire to do a alteration. Second plans must be put into action in order to be benched marked. The Standard ( Green Globe ) requires that an operation or community achieve a baseline degree of environmental and socially sustainable public presentation. Finally when all this is achieved the operation becomes certified, one time it meets the needed criterions. On the other manus it is non a 1 clip matter as Green Globe enfranchisements are issued for one twelvemonth and a continual betterment has to be shown and made in order to maintain the Green Globe position enfranchisement.
One singular and note worthy hotel is the Half Moon Bay in Montego Bay Jamaica. Half Moon is known as the “ green ” Caribbean Resort.
Every twelvemonth in the past three old ages, Half Moon has been the receiver of the top cordial reception environment award, “ Green Hotel of the Year ” given by the Caribbean Hotel Association. They besides received the British Airways Tourism for Tomorrow award and an honorable reference at the esteemed International Hotel Association awards. The Half Moon hotel takes much pride in their solar heated pools, organic herbal garden and baby’s rooms and their 21-acre nature preserve. Their ultimate end is to go the universe ‘s most environmentally friendly hotel, which, if they continue in this way can be easy achieved. Although this might be a great effort for the smaller hotels, administrations and even communities, little stairss in the right way can do a large difference and is a positive move towards the hereafter of sustainable touristry.
Another such undertaking is that of the Blue Flag Programme. It is a non-profit independent programme which is run by the administration Foundation for Environmental Education ( FEE ) . The Blue Flag programme works towards sustainable development of beaches/marinas “ through rigorous standards covering with H2O quality, environmental instruction and information, environmental direction, and safety and other services, ” ( Blue Flag Programme, n.d. ) .
We are cognizant, that our oceans are vulnerable to the inauspicious effects of clime alteration. As a consequence we have a rise in sea degrees, a rise in sea temperatures and besides an addition in the sourness of our oceans. Our oceans are the places of our marine life, which many can non last under such drastic alteration. Our reefs are deceasing and our fish population are drastically diminishing. Climate alteration is non limited nevertheless to the content of the ocean, but we ourselves are at hazard because of these alterations. Higher sea temperatures particularly for us in the Caribbean average tropical storms or hurricanes with greater strength, which leads to devastation of our places our islands and of class touristry as we know it.
This programme in peculiar, can help in the protection of our oceans and by extension the Marine life which tourists pay an unbelievable sum of money every twelvemonth to see and bask. It will guarantee the safety of non merely the alien tropical fish, but our corals and reefs that are significantly deceasing in big Numberss every twelvemonth.
In add-on the Caribbean Alliance for Sustainable Tourism actively endorses the above mentioned enfranchisements in order to accomplish our end as being a part with active sustainable development. There are several honoring and encouraging advantages to such enfranchisements. A few of these are reduced energy and H2O ingestion, lower operational costs which in bend addition net incomes, and improved concern and stockholder values. These benefits strengthen our merchandise as an ecotourism finish and let us to stay adrift and less vulnerable in this planetary competitory industry.
It is clear to see that we as a Caribbean people need to be educated in the personal businesss of sustainable touristry in order to guarantee the hereafter of our touristry industry. It is just to state that the Caribbean has taken on this challenge, nevertheless the inquiry still remains, have we done plenty? Each island must therefore, make everything in its power to promote a deep love and regard for our environment in order to maintain these god-given assets, from melting off before us.
Finally, it should be field to see the grounds why we have chosen to travel off from our conventional ways, to the way of sustainable touristry. Sustainable touristry, merely put is a equilibrating act, which if done right proves to be good in bettering the quality of our Caribbean. Yes, this will necessitate an huge attempt prosecuting valuable clip and resources. However, we are ever reminded that nil good comes easy. Therefore we need to promote, educate and back the concern of sustainable touristry. For, “ in the future our chief concern will no longer be can we go to every topographic point on Earth. Our chief involvement will be that it is worthwhile geting at that place. ” ( Herman Lons, 1908 )
Blue Flag Programme.( 2009 ) . Retrieved October 26th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.blueflag.org/
Buccoo Reef Case Study. ( n.d. ) Retrieved October 25th,2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.scribd.com/doc/19552681/Buccoo-Reef-Case-Study
Caribbean Alliance for Sustainable Tourism,The Caribbean: YourEden! OurMission!( 2004-2007 ) . Retrieved October 26th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cha-cast.com/
Caribbean Property Magazine:CaribbeanPopulating and Lifestyles. ( 2009 ) . Retrieved October 26th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.caribpro.com/Caribbean_Property_Magazine/index.php? pageid=551
Caribbean Sustainable Tourism Policy Framework,CaribbeanTourism Administration. ( n.d. ) Retrieved October 26th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.onecaribbean.org/content/files/CbbnSustainableTourismPolicyFramework.pdf
CaribbeanTourism Organisation Latest Statistics 2008.( 2009 ) Retrieved OctoberA A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 24th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.onecaribbean.org/content/files/Aug21Lattab08.pdf
Eco-Tourism: a natural universe of dazing wealths.( 2009 ) Retrieved October 24th,2009,
from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.caribbeantravel.com/ecotourism/
Green Globe 21 The Worldwide Environmental Standard for the Tourism Industry.( n.d. ) Retrieved October 26th,2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.psillakis.com/environment/Green % 20Globe % 2021 % 20Leaflet.pdf
Half Moon Hotel. ( 2009 ) . Retrieved October 26th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.halfmoon.com/environmental-policy.php
Mercedes Silva.Caribbean and Intra-Caribbean Tourism Current Situation and Perspectives.( 2002 ) . Retrieved October 25th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.acs-aec.org/Documents/Misc/cto.PPT
Get the better ofing the Challenges to the Sustainability of Tourism inCaribbeanSIDS.( n.d. ) Retrieved October 25th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.sidsnt.org/docshare/other/20031104113330_Tourism_Presentation.ppt
Rick Mac Pherson. ( n.d. ) .The Ecology and Economy of Coral Reefs: Considerations in Marketing Sustainability. Retrieved October 26th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.onecaribbean.org/content/files/RickMacPherson.pdf
Sustainable Use of Natural Resources for Tourism Development: Case Study onHarrison‘s Cave.( n.d. ) Retrieved October 25th, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //tcdc.undp.org/sie/experiences/vol2/Sustainable % 20Use & A ; .pdf