Southern black Americans faced many challenges following the Civil War. Although several major betterments were made. life for inkinesss in the South was far from perfect. This procedure of trusting to reconstruct the war-worn South is known as the Reconstruction Era. There were many policies implemented during this clip with the purposes of assisting freed slaves. Initially Reconstruction looked good for inkinesss. as they were eventually freed from bondage and the passing of the Thirteenth. Fourteenth. and Fifteenth Amendments were passed. These were aimed at assisting to give inkinesss equal protection. However. black Americans’ battle to derive equality was far from over. doing this a really controversial epoch in American history. In the beginning. Reconstruction looked good for inkinesss. They had been freed from bondage and amendments were passed that seemed assuring for them in their pursuit for freedom and equality. The Thirteenth. Fourteenth. and Fifteenth Amendments stated that bondage was illegal. any individual born in the U. S. was a citizen of the U. S. . and any male citizen could vote no affair what race they are ( 462. 465 ) .
Black Americans did non trust for anything out of the ordinary ; they merely wanted an instruction. ownership of land. entree to employment. and equality in Torahs and political relations ( 455 ) . Basically these former slaves wanted to be left entirely by Whites. With support from some Republican leaders. inkinesss in the South were going aspirant that their dreams may shortly come true ; they would eventually hold full citizenship. Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865 in an attempt to assist former slaves to derive societal and economic equality ( 455 ) . The agency would tag a noteworthy measure in instruction for inkinesss in the South. It is during the Reconstruction Era that inkinesss are given the right to vote and keep office for the first clip in American history ( 462 ) . Despite support from many in the North. including some Republican leaders. inkinesss still faced favoritism in the South. Black Codes were Torahs created which done really small in the manner of assisting freshly freed slaves. In fact. these Torahs kept inkinesss under the authorization of Whites.
The Black Codes would let inkinesss to be arrested for being unemployed. while besides doing it really hard for them to go employed ( 462 ) . This system wasn’t really different than that which existed during bondage ; as Whites would condemn the inkinesss to forced labour ( 462 ) . Under the Black Code Torahs Judgess were even allowed to order black kids to be taken off from their parents if they were ruled “unfit” to supply financially ( 462 ) . This would use to most freedwomans during this clip of utmost poorness in the South. The Black Codes were successful in guaranting that inkinesss were treated merely as severely after the war as they were before the war. As a consequence of the white Southerners’ opposition to the Republican Party’s Reconstruction Era ; the Ku Klux Klan was established in 1866 ( 470 ) . This group. besides known as the KKK. was mostly responsible for much of the force directed against inkinesss and Republican leaders ( 471 ) .
They were against any Whites who helped inkinesss. The KKK punished the inkinesss. Whites who were thought to be assisting inkinesss. and their households. The Klan would execute Acts of the Apostless such as firing a cross in someone’s pace. hanging people. and firing their houses down. The Klan began. ab initio. in Tennessee. but rapidly spread throughout the South ( 470 ) . The primary end of the KKK was to set up white domination. The Ku Klux Klan directed many of their onslaughts on black schools and black churches which were considered to be symbols of black freedom. The utmost force of the KKK resulted in the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871. This jurisprudence would give federal governments permission to collar and prosecute members of a group that denied a citizen of his/her civil rights ( 471 ) .
In decision. every bit good depicted in the violent indignations of the Ku Klux Klan and the absence of civil rights’ equality with the “Black Code” Torahs ; inkinesss in the South were far less than successful in obtaining ‘freedom’ from Whites during Reconstruction. Despite major betterments. life for inkinesss in the South was still really hard as they were faced with racial favoritism and utmost poorness. Although Torahs were passed to give inkinesss equal rights. inkinesss were continued to be treated with outstanding racial favoritism. It would be many old ages before black Americans would obtain complete freedom and equality.