Revolution. the imperativeness. which plays a powerful function in the publicity of truth. justness. and democracy. and of peace. advancement. and prosperity. was liberated from absolutism. During this period. buddy newspapers were closed and the National Press Club and the Philippine Press Institute were revived to professionalise mass media in the state. During this period. important alterations. progresss. and developments have taken topographic point in Filipino news media. Newspapers and periodicals have expanded in pages. subdivisions. coverages. and circulations.
They have become locales of sensitive issues like decease punishment. charter alteration. juetengate dirt. and sing forces understanding. and of diverse issues about the civil society. land reform. human rights. genders issues. and other countries that before the 1986 EDSA Revolution were antecedently ignored or minimally covered. Some fact-finding studies have led to farther probes. have enhanced transparence. and have reduced corruptness in the bench. executive. and legislative subdivisions of the authorities.
These developments are attributed to the go oning attempts of the newspaper and the periodical industry and their research and academic organisations: the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism. which conducts strict research in the personal businesss of the province ; the Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility. which upgrades professionalism and duty of media practicians through seminars. workshops. and publications ; the Philippine Press Institute. which conducts preparations and patrons the Annual Community Press Awards that recognizes excellence among provincial newspapers and periodicals ; and the Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication. which offers alumnus surveies in news media and in communicating direction and conducts media research. interim preparation. and policy protagonism.
In 1998. there are 14 day-to-day circulars and 19 yellow journalisms published in Metro Manila. Among the circulars with the biggest circulations include the Manila Bulletin with a claimed circulation of 280 000 on weekdays and 300 000 on weekends and the Filipino Daily Inquirer with a claimed circulation of 260 000 on weekdays and 280 000 on weekends. Among the yellow journalisms with the biggest circulations include the Abante with a claimed circulation of 417 600 and the People’s Journal with a claimed circulation of 382 000. Out of the 408 provincial newspapers and periodicals. 30 are printed daily. 292 are published hebdomadal. and the remainder are circulated either monthly or quarterly.
Today. based from the 2000 Philippine Media Fact Book. there are 559 print publications. 475 circulars. 45 magazines. and 39 yellow journalisms and cartoon strips ; 22 per centum are published in the National Capital Region. 12 circulars. 17 yellow journalisms. 32 magazines. 39 cartoon strips. and 5 Chinese newspapers. Among the circulars with the biggest circulations include the Filipino Daily Inquirer with a day-to-day circulation of 257 416. followed by the Philippine Star. 251 000. and the Manila Bulletin. 240 000. Other circulars with their day-to-day circulation are as follows: Today. 152 268 ; Kabayan. 150 000 ; Malaya. 135 193 ; Manila Standard. 96 310 ; Sun Star Manila. 87 000 ; Philippine Post. 78 218 ; The Manila Times. 75 000 ; Business World. 61 283 ; and The Daily Tribune. 50 000.
Among the yellow journalisms with the biggest circulations include Bulgar with a day-to-day circulation of 448 450. followed by the People’s Journal. 382 200. and the People’s Tonight. 365 811. Other yellow journalisms with their day-to-day circulation are as follows: Remate. 310 000 ; Abante. 260 000 ; Bandera. 253 523 ; Pilipino Star Ngayon. 250 200. People’s Bagong Taliba. 210 000 ; Balita. 175 725 ; Tempo. 160 000 ; Abante Tonight. 150 000 ; Isyu. 126 835 ; Saksi Ngayon. 100 000 ; Remate Tonight. 90 000 ; Balita sa Hapon. 35 000 ; and Sun Star Bulilit. 30 000.
Among the Sunday addendums of day-to-day newspapers. Panorama of the Manila
Bulletin has the highest figure of circulation. 300 000. followed by the Sunday Inquirer Magazine of the Filipino day-to-day Inquirer. 268 575. and the Starweek Magazine of the Philippine Star. 268 000. Among the amusement magazines. Glitter has the highest figure of circulation with 300 000. followed by the Pilipino Reporter News Magazine. 188 192. and the Woman Today. 184 900.
Inquiry. Dissent. and Struggle
Javier Flores and Ava Vivian Gonzales
Though the Philippine Collegian retains the remarkable differentiation of being the most celebrated campus paper in the state. there is no individual Collegian. A rummage through the archives. through pages crumpling with age. reveals an impermanency of its character.
There are so as many versions of the Collegian as there are batches of authors and pupils. and go throughing crises peculiar to different times. Each coevals names its ain enemies.
The procedure of composing. insurgent as it is. Fords the inter-generational divide. Such exercising puts one upon enquiry. the get downing point of protagonism. When one writes. one requires take a breathing infinite: the right to dissect any subject under the Sun and in the sphere of Eden. and the right non to be interfered with in so making. The pattern of interrogating recognized manners of thought and turn overing paradigms strains unfavorable judgment of the powers that be.
In the Collegian’s storied past. this unfavorable judgment. coming at times when to be informed was an discourtesy. was non ever welcome. There were issues which came out with white infinites where columns should hold been. Homobono Adaza. so editor in head ( EIC ) . was removed from office for composing an column against the UP Administration. During the Martial Law old ages. staff members were threatened that they would non graduate if they persisted in assailing the authorities. The bright lives of some of its editors: Abraham Sarmiento Jr. . Antonio Tagamolila. and Enrique Voltaire Garcia III. among a host of others. were snuffed out.
The history of the Collegian is likewise replete with battles against those who desired to pinion the freedom of authors: the battle against obscure commissariats on the choice of Judgess for the column test ; the conflict to get rid of the place of a module advisor who had to subscribe every page cogent evidence of the paper ; and the enterprise to take attention of its ain caissons without the Administration keeping its fundss surety.
Since the birth of Collegian in 1922. coevalss of authors have dipped their pens into the inkstand of society racked with vicissitudes. The Collegian was a party in their attempts to decide the varied unfairnesss of the times with articles that seared. and commentaries that burned. It is imperative that we turn the page to remind us of the attempts of those who came before us.
Perfection lies non behind us. but in front of us. It is non a forsaken Eden. but a district we must one twenty-four hours conquer. a metropolis we must one twenty-four hours construct. Nevertheless. it is non a mortal wickedness to on occasion contemplate the basiss that have been placed by those before us to demo us what is possible.